Electric vehicles also tend to have lower maintenance costs, since changing the transmission fluid, coolant, and engine oil of an ICE vehicle can slowly add up. Gas cars have a fuel tank that is hidden in the back behind the seat. Desired range – an electric cart’s range is typically 15-25 miles, depending on the type of battery. Strong sales are putting automakers in a position to give consumers more of a choice of electric vehicles; Gas Vehicles: … We’re pooling all of that into home charging because tracking down every employer to see if and what they charge their employees for re-charging their EVs would be impossible. Therefore, instead of filling the tank with gasoline, you would need … An electric car has an electric motor with a controller that controls all the functions such as starts, stops, lights, radio, and air conditioner. We may earn money from the links on this page. EV skeptics will counter with the premium pricing of many EVs, something that's quantifiable when a brand sells both a gas-powered and full EV version of the same vehicle. Yes, that’s longer than our three-year timeline, so in this case the number might inflated beyond what you would likely experience with these cars in three years. This way of charging can be frustrating for EV owners. For any feedback or correction requests please contact us at [email protected] Nevertheless, when looking at recent electric car statistics and reports, it seems that insuring an electric vehicle is more costly than getting coverage for a gas-powered … If you're considering buying an electric car vs. a gas car, there are a number of issues to consider, including overall cost, emissions, and vehicle selection. • Electric cars use a battery pack as its power source and Gasoline cars use gasoline power. Gasoline vs. Electric Cars: Energy Usage and Cost By Stanislav Jakuba -- February 4, 2015 “Should electric cars become ubiquitous, electricity will be taxed to yield that revenue. compares the overall cost of multiple vehicles at once. The electricity that powers EVs can come from a variety of sources. If you are looking for a new vehicle that uses fuel in a cost-efficient way or want to reduce your CO2 emissions, you might be looking at an electric car for your next new car purchase. … Even the Mini Electric, with its EPA-rated 110 miles of range, would hit that mark if someone’s daily commute was 30 miles each way. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links. According to Auto Insurance Nerds,, repair costs on electric vehicles can be higher as well, which affects the price of maintenance and electric vehicle auto insurance. Generally speaking, EVs generate more torque, which is what drives the car forward, than ICEs.In a combustion engine, some of the power generated by the engine is lost to the drivetrain, which connects the transmission to the wheels. Our car experts choose every product we feature. "Dollar wise, we do see a premium on top of a compatible ICE (Internal Combustion Engine) vehicle comparably equipped in age. Information and research in this article verified by ASE-certified Master Technician Duane Sayaloune of YourMechanic.com. Louisiana pays only $0.0897 per kW while Hawaii electric rates are a wallet-busting $0.3244 per kW. We landed on the following numbers for three years-worth of depreciation using the source of AAA's depreciation metrics, Vincentric. So are EVs really less expensive over the long haul of ownership? Con: Electric cars can travel less distance AEVs on average have a shorter range than gas-powered cars. The other complicating issue is that comparing EVs and gas vehicles isn't a straight comparison for most electric cars on the road. That means the average cost of a full EV charge is $6.86. For both of these units, the lower the number, the more efficient the vehicle. Fuel efficient vehicles have higher MPGs, meaning they need to be filled up less often -- and cost you the least per mile. One of the big ones is choosing a gas vs electric golf cart, and several factors may affect your choice. The mileage leaders among subcompact cars in the U.S. are the Ford Fiesta SFE and Toyota Yaris iA at 35 mpg in … And we stuck with the numbers we could pin down. In the showroom, electric vehicles still cost more than their gasoline counterparts. Around the world, countries are increasingly moving towards car production and ownership that is entirely electric, according to Ever Charge. Finally, an electric vehicle tax credit may also help you save on your purchase. The concept of MPG, or miles per gallon, measures the fuel efficiency of ICE vehicles. We compared as much about their running costs as we could dig out from credible sources. Electric cars tend to be more expensive upfront. If a standard ICE car holds about 14 gallons on average, that means it cost just under $40 to fill up the average tank. While a vehicle's range can also vary, most need to be filled up every 250-300 miles traveled. If you're considering buying an electric car vs. a gas car, there are a number of issues to consider, including overall cost, emissions, and vehicle selection. Still, driving a long distance from home that requires one or more recharges may take some planning on your part. Gasoline cars do have a … EV aficionados will tell you that electric vehicles are cheaper to fuel and maintain, so that means they must be cheaper to own and operate. The most recent types of plug-in hybrid … To calculate the energy usage of both types of cars we used the EPA’s gallons and kWs used per 100 miles. Plus, as the years progress the lower cost of operating an electric vehicle (fuel and maintenance) continue to accrue. For annual miles driven, we went with 15,000—the de facto average mileage stat for … As they say, it’s complicated. We then averaged the charge rate to 50 kW to account for slow stations and lowered rate of charge once a battery hits 80 percent. Battery-Electric Vehicles (BEVs) are solely powered by electricity. The most obvious difference between electric vehicles, or EVs, and standard internal combustion engine models, or ICEs, is that ICEs are powered by gasoline while EVs require electricity. And we have no way of knowing how many of those EV commuters only charged up each evening at home. The standard EV takes about 7.2 kWh/hour to reach a full charge of about 50 kWh. Sometimes. Additionally, keep in mind that the cost of purchasing and operating your new vehicle will depend on your location, as well as the brand and type of vehicle you select. We may earn money from the links on this page. Based on an average of 22 mpg for gasoline vehicles and a gasoline cost of $1.25/gal, the gasoline-powered … To determine at-home charging costs, we took the average kW rate of $0.1282/kW in the United States for February, 2020. Our little zero to 60 scenario is a good example. For gasoline costs, we used the national average price of gas in February, 2020: $2.44 for regular and $3.11 for premium (the Mini requires the higher- grade fuel). Tested: Mustang GT500 Hauls Even on Street Tires, This content is created and maintained by a third party, and imported onto this page to help users provide their email addresses. In terms of vehicle selection, ICEs still come out ahead: There are only about 30 purely EV models offered by manufacturers to choose from. Eventually, other automakers will also lose the ability to dangle that federal incentive in front of buyers. And insurance costs are widely variable as well, depending on your state, your driving record, and the coverage you choose. As expected, without oil changes or other engine maintenance, the EVs are cheaper to maintain. Some utility companies will charge higher rates at peak hour usage, for example, according to Enel X. There’s the $7,500 tax credit that’s available for both of the electric cars. We’re still at a point where gas stations outnumber car charging stations … Thus, a car that is rated at 45 MPG, for example, will cost you less in terms of fuel than one with a rating of 25 MPG. the cost of electricity at 7" per kwhr, the electric vehicle will travel about 43 miles for $1.00. This Week in Cars: Hennessey, EVs, and the Cabinet. Here Are Five Ways Electric Cars Outperform Gas-Powered Cars. Sort of. Electric Cars and The Insurance Industry. Gasoline vehicles would produce lower emissions than the average battery-electric vehicle only if their fuel economy was higher than 51.5 mpg worldwide, say researchers at the … That brings the purchase prices of the electric vehicles down by that much. 2. We’ve chosen to disregard those deals for this comparison because our goal is to find the true (as true as we can pull together) three-year cost of owning these vehicles. … Sometimes. Lack of charging stations. Both Mini and Hyundai offer free maintenance for three years or 36,000 miles (whichever comes first). Another way to evaluate the differences between ICEs and EVs is to look at the concepts of 'quick' vs. 'fast,' according to How Stuff Works. But for now, we’re using the average charging per min rate sans membership of Electrify America’s up to 75-kW stations which is $0.22/min. In a race, for example, one vehicle might hit a higher peak speed over the course of the race, but a second vehicle might still get to the finish line first. 2020 in Review: Watts to Freedom Just Happened? You may be able to find more information about this and similar content at piano.io, Automotive Startup Canoo Unveils Electric Vans, 2023 Battery Prices Will Make EVs Cheaper, 2021 Toyota Mirai Comes with $9000 Price Drop, Lordstown and Camping World to Create an EV RV, Five Upcoming Mercedes EQ Electric Cars Previewed, Audi Designer Shares More Project Artemis Details, Bollinger Reveals More of EV Truck and SUV, Tesla’s FSD Beta Developer Settings Leaked, Toyota Is Finally Making an Electric Vehicle. HEVs became popular when Toyota introduced the Prius Hybrid. In electric vehicles, there is a set of batteries installed. Scottish Government Plans 20% Cut In Car Use Within Ten Years—And That Includes Electric Cars Dec 17, 2020, 11:30am EST Your Car Buying Experience In An Era Of Self-Driving Cars Beginning in 2023, all California-based charging stations will charge drivers on a per-kW basis. You may be able to find more information about this and similar content at piano.io, 2020 Subaru Crosstrek vs 2020 Subaru Forester, 2020 Jeep Cherokee vs 2020 Grand Cherokee Compared, 2020 Hyundai Tucson vs 2020 Hyundai Santa Fe, Volkswagen Tiguan: Common Problems and Fixes. Gas-powered cars sold in the U.S. have a long way to go to match electrics. Fortunately, there are changes coming. The study looked at only fully electric vehicles, which are known as battery electric vehicles, -- not plug-in electric hybrids -- vs. gas-powered cars. Electric utility rates in the United States vary wildly. However, many manufacturers are placing more emphasis on creating new EV models as these vehicles become more popular and widely owned. With a gas car, usually every mile you drive can be about 36 cents. PHEV models include: Hybrid Electric Vehicles (HEVs) rely primarily on gas but also have electric components, such as regenerative braking. If you drive an electric car you’re obviously planning for … If you’re interested in figuring out the cost difference between an EV and a gas vehicle, there’s a handy tool on the US Department of Energy’s site that compares the overall cost of multiple vehicles at once based on your yearly driving habits, EPA data, and even loan information. https://www.caranddriver.com/news/a30772427/uk-ban-non-electric-cars-2035/, https://evercharge.net/blog/electric-cars-vs-gas-vehicles-what-you-need-to-know/, https://www.energysage.com/electric-vehicles/costs-and-benefits-evs/evs-vs-fossil-fuel-vehicles/, https://autoinsurancenerds.com/electric-vehicles/best-car-insurance-for-electric-cars-both-new-and-used/, https://evcharging.enelx.com/news/blog/570-electric-cars-vs-gas-cars-cost, https://auto.howstuffworks.com/gas-powered-vs-electric-cars-which-is-faster.htm, https://www.caranddriver.com/research/a31267893/electric-vehicle-tax-credit/, This Week in Cars: Hennessey, EVs, and the Cabinet. Comparing an average midsize midrange BEV with an average midsize gasoline-powered car, it takes just 4,900 miles of driving to “pay back”—i.e., offset—the extra global warming emissions from producing … Electric cars are capable of being quicker than gas-powered cars, but EVs aren't yet capable of going faster. The Free Press obtained a draft copy of … But there's a better way. It determines how much you pay per mile in maintenance to drive a vehicle. The cars' purchase prices (including destination charges) are as follows: For annual miles driven, we went with 15,000—the de facto average mileage stat for U.S. drivers for decades. Electricity is produced from burning gas or coal, or from renewable sources such as hydropower, wind, and solar. Quick refers to how much time it takes you to get between two points, while fast is the maximum speed you hit. When you do that, the calculations to see which gives you the best bang for your buck can be even more headache inducing than what we've attempted here. In all kinds of vehicles, CO2 emissions rates per vehicle have declined as manufacturers make products that are both faster and cleaner. BEV models include: Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) run on both electricity and gas. That goes for most cars. The result was a three-year mileage count of 45,000 miles. costs on electric vehicles can be higher as well. It's just that price point that's really causing that steeper depreciation." So the price of charging at home is dictated by where you live. Cari Crane, Director of Insights at ALG (which used to be known as Auto Lease Guide), told us that the high cost of electric vehicles contributes to their steeper depreciation. So we’re going to pretend like this isn’t a feature and we ask you to do the same for the sake of math. After three years the grand totals give some insight into the question, "are EVs cheaper?" Maybe. Miles Driven. There are no Tesla Model 3s or Ford Mustang Mach-Es that run on gas. Based on purchase price, fuel, maintenance costs, and depreciation over a three-year period here's what we've found for the cost-of-ownership of our subject vehicles: Now, before you jump on the phone with your EV-driving friend, there are still additional variables. The cost of owning and operating an electric car vs. gas car is one of the most important considerations when you're looking to purchase, as Energy Sage points out. For the purposes of the clearest comparison possible, we are not including either financing costs or insurance premiums. A quick look at the numbers and its clear that EVs depreciate quicker than their gas counterparts. In the case of the Mini, it might just tip the advantage to the electric model. How you'll use a golf cart. Another piece of the EV charging puzzle is the split between at-home and on-the-go charging. electric vehicles cost less than half as much to operate as gas-powered cars. Comparing EVs and gas vehicles isn't a straight comparison in most cases. Keep these in mind as you shop for your new car. This is where things get a little weird. Because of the pandemic and trade issues surrounding oil prices right now, recent gas prices are an outlier. There are also more charging options in public spaces, especially in urban areas and at highway rest stops, as electric vehicles become more popular. Charging costs are a tougher to determine. On the other hand, a gas-powered vehicle has a gas tank, gas pump, gas … As you can see below, the Mini Hardtop gets better gas mileage than the Kona, but the Kona Electric is more efficient than the Mini Electric. To investigate whether an electric vehicle truly is cheaper than its gas counterpart to own and use as daily transportation we chose two models in the US market that are available with both powertrains: The Hyundai Kona and Kona Electric, and the Mini Cooper Hardtop two-door and Mini Electric. Gas Cars vs Hybrid Cars Benefits/Drawbacks Hybrid Vehicles or Gas Vehicles Not all automobiles are fuel-efficient and green at the exact same time. There are three different types of electric vehicles available. With a 4-6 gallon fuel tank, you’ll average 100-180 miles with a gas … A 2017 GM study of Chevy Bolt EV owners found that a whopping 92 percent charged at home or at work. We threw all those calculations on charging into a bucket to determine the amount of it would take to keep the two EVs charged up enough to cover 45,000 miles. But AAA’s data gives us a solid baseline to build from, and all the subject cars are treated equally. The costs are placed into market segment silos (sedan, SUV, Pickup, EV) for service items like tires, brakes, oil changes, and repairs over a five-year period. We may earn a commission for purchases made through our links. This is our way of saying we won’t be stuck at home forever, and when we’re allowed out into the world, gas prices will likely go up. Sure, the range anxiety and lack of sound might be deal-breakers, but there's no arguing the benefits of going electric. How you choose to finance your vehicle—the term of the loan and the interest rate, or whether you decide to lease—can have a significant impact on your total costs. In short, EVs are able to go quicker than ICEs, but EVs cannot go faster, at least so far. We decided on an examination of the first three years of overall ownership cost. All types of hybrids (see below) have regenerative braking, meaning that whenever you brake or decelerate, the car recaptures the energy. Electric vehicles could make up nearly half the fleet of passenger cars and trucks by 2040. Buyers have to pit them against approximately similar gas vehicles. We use data and simple math in an attempt to answer this very complicated question. 2020 in Review: Watts to Freedom Just Happened? While the price of gas varies over time and location, the national average for a gallon of gas was $2.81 in June 2019. Any applicable Federal tax credits for the two EVs are figured in later in the calculations. The price of electric power varies by utility company. Electric Vehicles: Electric cars are about 20-40% (even after incentive) costlier than gasoline cars. But as we said, at this point in time, it’s complicated. Tested: Mustang GT500 Hauls Even on Street Tires, This content is created and maintained by a third party, and imported onto this page to help users provide their email addresses. They can be plugged in to recharge. To promote electric vehicles, incentives and tax rebate is available based on the locality. A green car will take you an average of 60–120 miles on a single charge, while a traditional car will take you about 300 miles on a single tank of gas. That's why most automobile buyers commonly must decide whether they would prefer an electric-hybrid automobile or a gas car. There are several factors you'll need to consider here, including the cost of fuel and maintenance, as well as the overall purchase price of the vehicle itself. Our car experts choose every product we feature. Maintenance costs per mile and over the full 45,000 miles are as follows: Hyundai Kona Electric: $0.066 per mile / $2,970. First off, most charging stations charge per minute instead of per kW—the latter equating to gallons of gas. Electric cars are undoubtedly a great investment if you’re looking to go green. If you're considering being part of the transition by picking up an electric vehicle, you should understand how the costs of an electric vehicle may be different and where you'll be likely to save compared to conventional engines. Here is the cost to drive the gasoline-powered Kona and Mini for 45,000 miles. Both Tesla and GM have hit their 200,000 vehicle cap. Electricity cost would … The Kona Electric, on the other hand, is more costly than the gas version by $7994. So is owning an EV cheaper in the long run? All signs point to possibly. But oil and gas companies are striking back. The final piece of data affecting the cost of ownership of any vehicle is a big one: depreciation. In comparison, the national average cost of one kilowatt of electricity is $0.14 per hour. The main advantages of a hybrid electric motor include comparatively less gas usage and reduced CO2 emission than traditional gas or diesel-engine car or SUV. Examples of HEVs that do not plug in to charge include: Several models, including the Camry and the Civic, come in both standard and hybrid models. There are pros and cons to electric cars vs. gas cars that you should know about before you take the plunge -- and we explore them here. Then you get to factor in state and local incentives if those are available. The electric cost can be under 10 cents per mile. Of course, there are still day-to-day expenses such as auto insurance, structural repair, and brake and tire changes, that both ICEs and EVs will require. Electric vehicles can’t go as far as gas-powered ones. And that drops their ownership costs to: So, by our calculations that makes the gas-powered Mini a mere $358 cheaper to own and operate over the first three years than its electric counterpart—essentially a wash. • Electric cars have a smaller engine … Our journey starts with the straight base price of the most basic model of each subject vehicle. It's a knotty subject, as predicting depreciation is an educated guess based on past experience, customer demand, vehicle availability, brand reputation and, for all we know, the phases of the moon. If vehicle sales are any indication, consumers believe in this technology and its longevity in the marketplace. It’s also unlikely that the current administration will increase that cap any time soon. While a gas … However, as this type of vehicle is becoming more common and there are more model options to choose from, the upfront cost difference is declining. One car is the exception. Most models ranging between 60 and 120 miles per charge and some luxury … Electric cars are the future of transportation. • Electric cars are more expensive than the Gasoline cars. To calculate maintenance costs, we used AAA’s 2019 Your Driving Costs analysis. And these maintenance costs are higher than we experience in our long-term 40,000-mile tests. 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