a cinder cone, shield, or comosite? Galeras, a stratovolcano with a large breached caldera located immediately west of the city of Pasto, is one of Colombia's most frequently active volcanoes. It has erupted frequently since the Spanish conquest, with its first historical eruption being recorded on December 7, 1580. The Galeras Volcano in southern Colombia registered two moderate volcanic earthquakes on Tuesday, June 12, 2018, that left two people dead as well as several homes and roadways damaged. Mountain type: Complex volcano: Volcanic arc/belt: North Volcanic Zone: Last eruption: 2012 to 2014 Galeras (Urcunina among the 16th-century native people) is an Andean stratovolcano in the Colombian department of Nariño, near the departmental capital Pasto. During this time, Galeras has experienced six periods of activity, in which 45 separate volcanic events consisting of pyroclastic flows, tephra falls, lava flows, and lahars have been documented. Two caldera forming events have occurred at the volcano. 560,000 years ago, and sometime between 40,000 and 150,000 years ago. 400,000 inhabitants), is one of Colombia's most frequently active volcanoes. More than 400,000 people live within the volcano's zone of influence. What type of volcano is White Island? Galeras (Urcunina among the 16th-century indigenous people) is an Andean stratovolcano in the Colombian department of Nariño, near the departmental capital Pasto. Galeras. The active crater is located ~9 km W of Pasto, a city of 350,000 persons. Location:South America, Colombia, Type: Stratovolcano Active,Dormant, Extinct: Active Last known eruption: 1993, Size: elevation: 4,276 meters (14,029 ft) above sea level The Galeras volcano is the most active volcano in Colombia. The last major eruption of the Galeras volcano was in 1936, when its ashes reached as far as many towns in Ecuador. The column of material belched out in the eruption rose nine to 6.2 miles into the air, the statement said. Three types of volcanoes from left to right (all images WikiMedia): – Sunset Crater, Arizona, a 340 m high monogenetic cinder cone – Mauna Kea, Hawaii, a 4,205 m high shield volcano – Koryaksky, Russia, a 3,456 m high stratovolcano overlooking the city of Petropavlovsk, Kamchatka. Antonyms for Galeras Volcano. Climb Galeras Volcano. The latest eruption was in 1993 which killed 9 people including six scientists. dha-geneva 93/0018 colombia - eruption of volcano galeras dha-geneva information report no. Galeras has been an active volcano for at least one million years. Galeras eruption image – courtesy and copyright Josecamilom. The dominantly andesitic Galeras volcanic complex has been active for more than 1 million years, and two major caldera collapse eruptions took place during the late Pleistocene. Colombia on Wednesday lowered an alert status on the Galeras volcano from red to orange, as the danger... Get premium, high resolution news photos at Getty Images What type of volcano is galeras? Galeras, a stratovolcano with a large breached caldera located immediately west of the city of Pasto (a city with approx. Its summit rises 4,276 meters (14,029 ft) above sea level. Nariño, Colombia. Unusual low-frequency volcanic seismic events with slowly decaying coda waves observed at Galeras and other volcanoes. This lava mouth and the volcanic vent internal pressure increases in the volcano to cause huge explosions that can destroy the volcano itself and give birth to a caldera. Its peak rises 4,276 metres (14,029 ft) above sea level. Nota: A Plinian eruption is a type of volcanic eruption, lava emission viscous, which occurs on gray volcanoes. Galeras is part of the South American Andes mountain chan. Galeras became active again in 1988 after 10 years of dormancy. The Galeras volcano erupted explosively, producing a ballistic expulsion of rocks in an eastward direction reaching about three kilometers (1.8 miles). The caldera is open to the west. A Decade Volcano conference in the city of Pasto, in 1993, ended in disaster when several of the scientists present mounted an impromptu expedition on 14 January to the crater of Galeras.An eruption occurred unexpectedly while they were at the summit, which resulted in the deaths of six scientists and three tourists. It is a convergent boundary and a strato volcano. Galeras volcano is located in southern Colombia close to the border with Ecuador. Der Galeras ist einer der weltweit 16 Decade Volcanoes, die die International Association of Volcanology and Chemistry of the Earth’s Interior (IAVCEI) ausgewählt hat, weil diese Vulkane aufgrund ihrer Geschichte mit großen, zerstörerischen Ausbrüchen und ihrer Nähe zu bewohnten Gebieten eine besonders intensive Erforschung verdienten. The city of Pasto with 450,000 inhabitants is located on the eastern slope of Galeras. The dominantly andesitic complex has been active for more than 1 million years, and two major caldera collapse eruptions took place during the late Pleistocene. The volcanic complex consists of several small calderas, cinder cones and a stratovolcano. In an eruption in 1993, it killed a group of scientists and tourists who had been inside its crater when it erupted.” Gomez, D. M., and Torres, R. A., 1997. Galeras Volcano is on the Nazca and the South American plates. It has erupted frequently since the Spanish conquest, and in 1993, an eruption killed nine people, including five scientists who had descended into the volcano's crater to sample gases . The Galeras volcano is one of the most active and hazardous volcanoes in the world; it is located in the Colombian Andes near Pasto City, which has approximately 450,000 inhabitants. Synonyms for Galeras Volcano in Free Thesaurus. Picture of the Galeras volcano seen from Pasto, Nariño department, Colombia, on August 26, 2010. According to Volcano Discovery, “Galeras is one of Colombia’s most active volcanoes. Galeras, a stratovolcano with a large breached caldera located immediately west of the city of Pasto (a city with approx. Galeras volcano has emitted a minimum of 1.9 Tg SO2 during the past seven-year period of re-activation from 1989 to 1995. 1 synonym for Galeras: Pasto. Discussion Small volcanic eruptions of the type which oc- curred at Galeras occur without leaving any geologi- cal record, but they have devastating effects on people located at close range of the vent. Since then, more than 550 earthquakes have already hit the same area. Several types of volcanic eruptions—during which lava, tephra (ash, lapilli, volcanic bombs and volcanic blocks), and assorted gases are expelled from a volcanic vent or fissure—have been distinguished by volcanologists.These are often named after famous volcanoes where that type of behavior has been observed. Galeras, a 4,276 m high andesitic stratovolcano, has a cone that rises 150 m above the floor of the summit caldera. Narino Department, Colombia Picture: Night view of the Galeras Volcano - Check out Tripadvisor members' 17 candid photos and videos of Narino Department Typical seismogram of a local earthquake occurred in the Galeras volcano and analyzed in this work. 400,000 inhabitants), is one of Colombia’s most frequently active volcanoes. Type: Stratovolcano: Last eruption: 2005: Galeras (Urcunina among the indigenous people) is a volcano in Colombia, near the city of Pasto. It has erupted many times since the Spanish conquest. 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