Croatia also saw protests in Osijek, Vukovar, Knin, Zadar, Šibenik, Split and Dubrovnik. [18], Protests took place across South America including Uruguay, where their protest took place on the day before 15 February, Friday. [17], In Florida a small number of protesters staged a naked protest on Palm Beach. [19] The city of Oviedo had a population of 180,000 and a turnout of 100,000. On the day 50,000 people (GLW estimate) turned out to protest under the dual slogan "Stop the war on Iraq; Stop the war on immigrants", more than on the Seattle protests against the WTO Ministerial Conference of 1999. [18] Barcelona also had a large, with estimates of 350,000 (Delegación de Gobierno), 1,300,000 (Barcelona city hall and Police) or 1,500,000 (GLW) people[31] joining a demonstration which moved from the Passeig de Gràcia to the Plaça de Tetuan. Protesters at the back end of the march did not reach Hyde Park until hours after the speakers and performers had finished. [34], As the date for the march approached the BBC was predicting that around 500,000 people would attend, while the StWC was hoping for numbers to top the symbolically significant million mark. It may be winter but all of you together are generating some serious street heat," he said. In Lisbon, police estimated that around 35,000 people gathered to march through the city. [17], In Israel there was a demonstration in Tel Aviv of approximately 2,000 (USA Today estimate) to 3,000 people (GLW and WSWS estimate). [36] Trafalgar Square was suggested by Jowell as the alternative venue, but the Mayor of London Ken Livingstone insisted it was of insufficient size. Nein zum Krieg gegen Irak – Kein Blut für Öl! At the Cape Town rally the South African Minister, Pallo Jordan addressed the protesters saying; "We will stop the war. [83], Despite failing in its explicit aim, the 15 February global day of anti-war protests had many effects that, according to some, were not directly intended. [76], On the Saturday protests also took place in Australia's six state capitals with 200,000 protesters (BBC estimate) demonstrating in Sydney, and an estimated 600,000 demonstrating in cities around the country. There were loud cheers from the thousands who gathered around the statue of Eros when the two marches joined up. [69], In Iraq, the country in which the war would take place, protesters marched down Palestine Street in Baghdad where several thousand Iraqis—many carrying Kalashnikov rifles—joined in the global protests. [11] 650,000 people (police estimate) took place in a final rally at which there were many international speakers including Kurds, Iraqi dissidents, Palestinians, a representative of the American Council of Christian Churches and an Israeli conscientious objector who addressed the crowd from a stage hung with Pablo Picasso's Guernica. BBC estimates that 100,000 protesters took part in a rally near the UN headquarters. [19], Cyprus saw a demonstration of between 500 (USA Today estimate) and more than 800 people (SW estimate) at the British army base in Dhekelia. [14][21][55], Canada saw protests in 70 cities and towns (WSWS estimate). Attacks on Stop the War coalition harden Jeremy Corbyn’s resolve to stand by his old allies . Gun Crime - Fact And Fiction. Around the time of the huge demonstrations of February 15 th 2003, the Stop the War Coalition had emerged as one of the biggest protest movements in British history, yet it failed to achieve its goal of preventing war in Iraq. ATTAC Germany's spokesperson Malte Kreutzfeld was reported as praising the broadness of the demonstration, saying "The churches and trade unions have linked to make the coalition far broader than even the anti-nuclear missile marches in the 1980s. [19], The largest protests took place in the nation's largest cities including Chicago, Los Angeles, and New York City, but there were also smaller rallies in towns such as Gainesville, Georgia; Macomb, Illinois; and Juneau, Alaska, among scores of others. Bearing placards featuring slogans including "make tea, not war", protesters have travelled from all parts of the UK. Approximately one-fifth of the total demonstrators worldwide protested in Europe. The biggest demonstration took place in Paris, where around 100,000 (USA Today estimate) to 200,000 (WSWS estimate) people marched through the streets, ending in a rally at the Place de la Bastille. [72], In Cape Town 5,000 (USA Today estimate) to 20,000 protesters (WSWS estimate) joined a demonstration march which started at 10 in the morning on Keizersgracht road and ended at the offices of the US consulate-general which was guarded by a ring of riot police, where there was a rally with speakers. [13], Another important platform for the spreading call to demonstrate internationally occurred at the World Social Forum in Porto Alegre, Brazil which took place at the end of 2002. [80][81], At the time, many commentators were hopeful that this global mobilization of unprecedented scale would stop the coming Iraq war. Forum: "Invasion of Iraq - Issues and Implications" About 40 people attended a forum "Invasion of Iraq - Issues and Implications" organised by the coalition on Sunday, 20 April 2003 at the Dewan Sri Pinang. Following the unprecedented success of the global anti war day on February 15 we announce a massive escalation of action in the next weeks to try to prevent war. [78] There were also protests in at least 18 other centres, including Dunedin, Thames, Opotiki, Whakatane, Whangarei, Timaru and Rotorua, and Picnic for Peace in Christchurch. Among the demonstrators was Nobel Peace Prize laureate Rigoberta Menchú. [14], Beyond the capitals, many major cities and towns around Australia had protests. The size of the demonstration meant that the majority of demonstrators did not make it into the final rally and in total three million people (organisers' estimate, supported by the Guinness Book of World Records) were on the streets. "[54], The Northern Irish march was held in Belfast, where 10,000 (Guardian estimate) to 20,000 (SW estimate) protesters from across the sectarian divide joined the demonstration. The Stop the War Coalition (StWC) (informally just Stop the War) is a United Kingdom group set up on 21 September 2001 that campaigns against what it believes are unjust wars.. The coalition has opposed the various wars that have claimed to be part of the ongoing war on terrorism. All around them, main streets were packed with people walking 20 abreast. Small protests also took place in at least 30 towns across the country. European delegates sought to popularise the plan for the increasingly international demonstration. Madrid hosted the second largest rally with more than 1.5 million people protesting the invasion of Iraq; Mainland China was the only major region not to see any protests on that day, but small demonstrations, attended mainly by foreign students, were seen later. Scotland Yard is unable to confirm exact figures at present, but said the numbers ran into hundreds of thousands. [19], It was estimated that 1,000 people marched in the capital of Slovakia, Bratislava. Secondly, he claimed that while the effect of marching may be uncertain, the effect of not marching would surely be to make it more likely that the occupation would continue. The demonstration ended at the US embassy at Jalan Tun Razak. For thousands, it was their first protest march, with many having joined new anti-war groups formed in their villages, churches and colleges. [82], The unprecedented size of the demonstrations was widely taken to indicate that the majority of people across the world opposed the war. [14], Norway saw its biggest series of protests since 1917. [6], Anti-war groups worldwide organised public protests. The Tokyo protesters contained Japanese veterans of World War II and survivors of the 1945 atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The Netherlands saw around 70,000 (USA Today estimate) to 75,000 people (WSWS estimate) protest in Amsterdam. They toyi-toyied and marched, stopping at the U.S. Consulate General where riot police formed a protective chain around the entrance. 80,000 people joined a demonstration in Toronto, 40,000 in Vancouver, 18,000 (by police estimates) in Edmonton, 8,000 in Victoria, 4,000 in Halifax and 6,000 in Ottawa. [2], There were numerous complaints that the New York City Police Department (NYPD) were too heavy-handed. [34][48], RadioVague in conjunction with the now defunct CableRadio broadcast speeches, music and interviews from the event to the internet throughout the day using a satellite uplink provided by In Chicoutimi, 1,500 protested in windchill temperatures of −40 °C (−40 °F) wind-chill temperature in what was one of the coldest marches on that global day of protest. Firstly he claimed that it was too soon to judge the long-term significance of the demonstrations noting that "People who took part in the non-cooperation campaigns in India in the 20s and 30s had to wait a long time for independence." Police reported that the trouble was down to a group of anarchists who had split off from the main demonstration. The protest in Rome involved around three million people, and is listed in the 2004 Guinness Book of World Records as the largest anti-war rally in history. Marchers will include a group of Bedford taxi drivers called Britons Versus Bush and a collection of DJs dubbed Ravers Against the War. In hundreds of cities, including Damascus, Athens, Seoul, Rome, Tokyo and Sydney, demonstrators marched, chanted and unfurled banners against conflict in the Middle East. It left no lasting legacy in my opinion. The Eton George Orwell Society. The London demonstration was organised by Stop the War Coalition, the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) and the Muslim Association of Great Britain. Charles Kennedy, then the leader of the Liberal Democrats, was a late addition to the list of speakers. Turn up the heat.". These demonstrations took place despite very cold weather, average temperatures were below −35 °C (−31 °F). "I ask the marchers to understand this: I do not seek unpopularity as a badge of honour," he said. [11], The first actual demonstration of the day took place in New Zealand where 10,000 people demonstrated in Auckland and Wellington. [63], In Austin, Texas, 10,000 protestors marched down Congress Avenue from the state capitol building. Throughout the world, millions gathered to protest at the prospect of a war in Iraq. There was also a rally in Newry in County Down attending by hundreds of protesters (BBC estimate). Tony Benn's speech from February 15th 2003. Speakers at the rally in Hyde Park included Tony Benn, Jesse Jackson, Charles Kennedy, Ken Livingstone, A report by Asef Bayat in the Middle East Report suggests that "the Arab governments allow little room for independent dissent" as is shown by the fact that "Since 2000, demands for collective protests against the US and Israel have been ignored by the authorities" and "unofficial street actions have faced intimidation and assault, with activists being harassed or detained". Anti-war protesters gather on London's Embankment in February 2003. An email network connecting the different national organisations across Europe, and eventually also the different US groups, was set up. "George Bush can feel it, Tony Blair can feel it. [84] This is echoed in the words of former Hizb ut-Tahrir organiser Hadiya Masieh who said of the non-Muslims marching in London "How could we demonise people who obviously opposed aggression against Muslims?". The march took over 3 hours to cross the city. The StWC, who had previously held a series of demonstrations and rallies against the Afghanistan war and the upcoming Iraq war, jointly called the London demonstration with the Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) and the Muslim Association of Britain joined the StWC for this event. It was part of a series of protests and political events that had begun in 2002 and continued as the war took place. [27] In Helsinki, Finland, an estimated 15,000 people participated in one of the largest mass-protests in the republic's history.[28]. More than 450 other organisations affiliated themselves to the coalition including Greenpeace, the Liberal Democrats, Plaid Cymru and the SNP. By the end of the day, police reported that there had been roughly 275 arrests; organisers dispute this number, claiming that there were 348 arrests. The government's decision was reversed by 5 February. [71], India saw protests across the country including 10,000 (BBC estimate) in Calcutta. Protesters chanted anti-U.S. and anti-Israeli slogans while marching to the "People's Assembly" in a demonstration of between 10,000 (GLW estimate) to 200,000 protesters (CBS estimate and USA Today estimate). This protest spanned the sectarian divide with both Muslims and Croats attending. The demonstration contained both Arabs and Jews. [8][12], In December 2002, the Cairo Anti-war Conference pledged to organise demonstrations in Egypt and the International Campaign Against Aggression on Iraq (which came out of the Cairo conference) sought to co-ordinate more demonstrations across the world. [60], In Seattle, organisers aimed to have 20 to 30 thousand people join a march from Seattle Center following a giant blue planet, the emblem adopted by the march organisers. The Stop the War Coalition (StWC), informally known simply as Stop the War, is a British group established on 21 September 2001, shortly after the September 11 attacks, to campaign against what it believes are unjust wars. Thousands of anti-war protesters also took to the streets of Glasgow, marching through the city centre towards the Scottish Exhibition and Conference Centre, where the Labour party's spring conference is being held. MARCH 3, 2003 7:31 AM. [60], Other activists in California originally planned to hold a protest in San Francisco on the Saturday but they changed to the Sunday in order not to conflict with the city's Chinese New Year's parade. Tony Blair was due to give a speech at the same time as the protesters would have arrived outside the conference centre, but the speech was rescheduled to an earlier time to avoid this. [2] In Bangladesh 2,000 people joined a demonstration in Dhaka. The Auckland march was bigger than expected, forcing police to shut off Queen Street. The StWC claims that this translates into 1.25 million households and thus supports the estimate of two million people, assuming that more than one person could come from each household. There were country folk and lecturers, dentists and poulterers, a hairdresser from Cardiff and a poet from Cheltenham. The Coalition held a series of protests during November 2003 climaxing in a march on the 20th protesting against what it claimed is the aggressive foreign policy of U.S. President George W. Bush, and against the continued U.S. detention of prisoners in Guantanamo Bay, which protesters claim is an illegal infringement of human rights and the Geneva conventions. The protest started with a rally at Ma-ron-i-ea Park after which there was a demonstration that ended in Jong-Myo Park were the size of the protest increased in size to 3,000 people (WSWS estimate). However, the protests and other public opposition have been held up as a key factor in the decisions of the governments of many countries, such as Canada, to not send troops to Iraq. Within about 48 hours the country was under effective western control at a cost of just 172 coalition soldiers killed and 555 wounded, with opposition casualties being about 100 times that many. Approximately one-fifth of the total demonstrators worldwide protested in Europe. WORLD: Largest coordinated anti-war protest in history, Mass demonstrations inaugurate international antiwar movement, Cities jammed in worldwide protest of war in Iraq, "The Anti-War Movements – Waging Peace on the Brink of War", Centre for Applied Studies in International Negotiation, "Guinness World Records, Largest Anti-War Rally", "Göteborg: 25 000 demonstrerade för fred", "Helsingin Sanomat Finnish-language archive, February 16, 2003",, "Jowell lifts her ban on Hyde Park peace rally", "Protest has rattled Number 10, say march organisers", "Iraq war 10 years on: mass protest that defined a generation", "Vindicated Prada-Meinhof: Seumas Milne Interviewed", "Cities jammed in worldwide protest of war in Iraq - Feb. 16, 2003", Photos show 65,000 at peak of S.F. They met with some success, including the organisation of an anti‑war assembly which was attended by almost 1,000 people.[11]. The Socialist 17 January 2003. [19], In Sweden, 35,000 demonstrated in Stockholm. This was listed in the 2004 Guinness Book of World Records as the largest anti-war rally in history. [29], In Russia, which had several demonstrations, the largest occurred in Moscow, with 400 people (WSWS estimate) in attendance. After the demonstration an anti-war concert was held in the capital, Valletta. On the day roughly 40,000 people joined the protest in front of the Bundeshaus, the seat of the Swiss federal government and parliament. However, it was boycotted by other left-wing groups, including Peace Now and Meretz. The atmosphere of the protest was described as "strongly anti-American and anti-government. Mr Blair speaking in Glasgow, said that he "respected and understood" people's desire to march. [85], Coordinated day of protests in over 600 cities against the War in Iraq, International Campaign Against Aggression on Iraq, National Association of Teachers in Further and Higher Education, Secretary of State for Culture, Media and Sport, Scottish Exhibition and Conference Centre, atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, President Bush's address to the United Nations. [18], In Germany, coaches brought people from over 300 German towns to Berlin to join a demonstration of 300,000 (police estimate) to 500,000 (organizers' estimate) people; the largest demonstration that had occurred in Berlin for several decades. The protests were largely peaceful though a small group of protesters who were reported to have broken off from the main rally, caused damage to property in Union Square, and threw stones at police officers, which resulted in forty arrests. Another protest, organized by the local Wrocław Anti-War Coalition (WKA), was held in the city of Wrocław in the market square by the town hall, with 400–500 people participating. As the event approached, estimates of the possible number attending rose and in the belief that it would be considerably bigger than the previous demonstrations they had organised StWC agreed with the police for the march to start from two separate locations; Thames Embankment for Londoners and those travelling in from the south, and Gower Street for those travelling in from the midlands and the north. One protester was quoted as saying "We've chased him out of town. The Sydney demonstration included a feeder march of 10,000 trade unionists. [17] [citation needed] The police began the march earlier than intended on safety grounds because of the number of people who had arrived in central London. [14] In Switzerland in order to "concentrate the movement" most activists agreed to organise a single demonstration for the whole country in Bern. Some delegates were worried it would alienate the mainstream of the movement. [11][19] The group has campaigned against the wars that are part of the "War on Terror" of the United States and its allies.It has campaigned against the war in Afghanistan and the Iraq War. The Prime Minister of Australia, John Howard, claimed that the protests were not representative of public opinion, saying "I don't know that you can measure public opinion just by the number of people that turn up at demonstrations." Moreover, within weeks of the February protests, the STWC had gone into decline with startling rapidity. They planned for the two marches to merge at Piccadilly Circus and then proceed to a rally at Hyde Park. According to United Kingdom left-wing anti-war activist Salma Yaqoob, one of these was that they were a powerful antidote to the idea that the war was a "Clash of Civilizations", or a religious war, an idea she claimed was propagated both by Western leaders and reactionary forces in the Arab world. "[53], In addition to the demonstrations in England, the United Kingdom also saw protests in Scotland. The march disrupted traffic for more than four hours. Christians, anarchists and communists mingled". He was a founder of the Stop The War Coalition and its chairman for 10 years, before he was succeeded in … All police leave in the capital was cancelled for the event, though Scotland Yard later said that it passed off almost without incident.[44]. Protests were organised by the Anti-War Coalition and the Stop the War campaign of the Congress of South African Trade Unions (Cosatu). Around 400 to 500 people marched in Hamilton. Protests of around 15,000 took place in Bergen and Trondheim, and 10,000 in Stavanger. The coalition has opposed the wars that are part of the so-called " War on Terror " of the Western nations. Outline of a Research Programme. The song "Boom! "They're jam-packed," a spokesman said. [17][24] He added: "The march is huge. [42] Many commentators noted the diversity of those attending the march. The march started at the Arts College at 14:30 and moved through that Royal Avenue towards Belfast City Hall. Protesters carried posters of Saddam and burned US flags. An estimated 70,000 people marched down Montevideo's Avenida 18. The Stop the War Coalition was launched in 2001, two weeks after 9/11. Organiser John Rees, of the Stop the War Coalition, said the atmosphere was "great". [14][18], In the Czech Republic, over 1,000 people joined a rally at Jan Palach Square in Prague. Yet again, the main victims of this war are the ordinary people of Syria, who have now suffered seven years of war which has left many dead, and many more refugees. The march went from Parnell Square, passing the Department of Foreign Affairs at St. Stephen's Green, and on to the Dame Street for a rally where popular Irish folk singer Christy Moore, Kíla and Labour Party politician Michael D. Higgins were among many speakers from the platform. [71], No protests were reported as having taken place in mainland China. Three former Portuguese prime ministers were in attendance. The organisers were shocked at the size of the turn out and the unexpected number of people forced the demonstration to set off two hours early. [4], The proposed war was controversial with many people questioning the motives of the US government and its rationale. However, the protest ended early when it rained heavily. Wikipedia:WikiProject Anti-war/An Empirical Test of Transnational Opportunities, "The day the world said no to war on Iraq", Organisers of Antiwar Movement Plan to Go Beyond Protests, Anti-war demonstrators rally around the world, "Voices from the world's biggest anti-war protest". "[17], In Athens, Greece, 150,000 people (WSWS estimate) demonstrated. [22] In total estimates range from 300,000 to 400,000 protesters (WSWS estimate). [18] Anti war website reports that 8,000-14,000 people were present at protests in Luxembourg, however they do not provide a citation for this figure. From Forum Auctions, Various Artists, Stop The War Coalition (2003), The complete set of eight offset lithographs printed in colours, 58.5 × 42 cm A second march started in Gower Street, central London, and met with the first at Picadilly Circus. [41] Hundreds of coaches brought protesters from 250 towns and cities across the UK,[40] with around 100 coaches coming from Wales alone. Czech philosopher Erazim Kohak addressed the crowd, saying, "War is not a solution, war is a problem. They also noted that two rabbis with views similar to those of Michael Lerner would be speaking. [45] There had been some controversy within the StWC over allowing Kennedy to speak since his party was committed to opposing the war only in the absence of a second UN resolution, but the coalition decided that failing to invite him "would have been divisive for the movement and would have fragmented anti-war opposition to the war. Protesters handed floral Valentine's Day messages to the representatives of the US, British and Australian governments urging them to avoid the war. One explanation for this that has been suggested is that people have become disillusioned with marching as a political tactic because of the failure of these demonstrations to achieve their explicit aim. Stop the War Coalition Poster number 3 by David Gentleman 2003. Earlier this month, Stop the War Coalition’s (StWC) website published an article explaining why fears of ISIS massacre were a deliberate exaggeration, worked up … This location's role in the French Revolution was considered to give it a historical significance. "It's cold outside but our hearts are warm. There was a demonstration in Warsaw, Poland of 10,000 people (SW estimate). Physical … Researchers from the University of Antwerp claim that the day was possible only because it "was carefully planned by an international network of national social movement organisations. The demonstration, which ran under the slogan Nein zum Krieg gegen Irak – Kein Blut für Öl! [1], According to BBC News, between six and ten million people took part in protests in up to sixty countries over the weekend of 15 and 16 February;[2], Some of the largest protests took place in Europe. No To Bush And Blair's War. Protesters listened to music and speeches before marching to the Czech government building, where they submitted petitions, then march continued to the US embassy. The weather was cold and rainy. [65], Demonstrations also took place in Philadelphia, where thousands (CNN estimate) joined a march to the Liberty Bell,[60] and in Chicago, where 10,000 people demonstrated (GLW estimate). The Stop the War Coalition (StWC; informally Stop the War) is a British group created on 21 September 2001, shortly after the September 11 attacks.It was created to campaign against what it believes are unjust wars.. [77], At protests in Australia in Bellingen, New South Wales around 2,500 people (SW estimate) joined a rally at the towns sports ground. [73], A number of prominent ANC politicians attended marches. The demonstration against the Iraq War on 15 February 2003, organised with Campaign for Nuclear Disarmament (CND) and the Muslim Association of Britain (MAB), has been claimed to be the largest public demonstration in British history. | Stop the War Coalition The Stop the War Coalition (StWC), informally just Stop the War, is an anti-war group set up on 21 September 2001. It has been the most prominent group in Britain campaigning against the war in Afghanistan and the Iraq War. It was organized by a wide range of organizations including the Communist Party of Israel, the National Democratic Assembly, the Arab Democratic Party, the Independent Media Center, the Alternative Information Center, Ta'ayush, the Gush Shalom movement, and the Organization for Democratic Action.