Genitive Case Plural: 17. Accusative – the “direct object” case; Instrumental – denoting an instrument used in an action; Prepositional – used with many common prepositions, such as “in”, “on” etc. Вчера мы познакомились с нов ым русск им студентом. Basic function. for adjectives that modify masculine and neuter nouns is. – with what/whom? 21. The instrumental case is widely used to describe one's job - Я работаю учителем (I work as a teacher), Отец был рабочим (The father was a worker). Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Accusative case. Prepositional case is the sixth and final case of Russian language and has only 3 very simple rules. 1. Adverbs and Adjectives: 10. Words like “fast”, “new” and “beautiful” are all adjectives. Instrumental case in Russian language can be understood with the equivalent meaning in English - “with” or “by”. The Instrumental case answers the questions: – by means of what/whom? Your email address will not be published. 2. 1) Instrumental Case is Used to Designate an Instrument that is Used to Carry out the Action. Russian Future tense. Yesterday we have met a new student. Nouns Singular in the Genitive Сase: 15. (0670g) Упражнение 3-21. 2. Every tip includes examples of usage of various lexical or grammatical constructions. 1. In the following lessons we will learn to form the Instrumental case with Russian nouns and pronouns. The endings of Russian words change depending on the case they are in. Learn about the Russian adjectives with our series “Russian Tip of the Day”. Russian Past tense. If you’ve already familiar with the formulas and can create sentences using this case, let’s continue learning more about the adjective as well. B. Russian adjectives. Russian personal pronouns. These are just several examples when to use the Instrumental case in Russian. The only exception is the Instrumental singular and Why Does Kulebyaka Pie Always Be A Special Thing On Russian Christmas Day? with the preposition с (with): Я иду́ туда́ с тобо́й - I go there with you / Ко́фе с молоко́м - Coffee with milk. Below are further examples of instrumental case of adjective in Russian Language: – Утренний (morning) à Утренним,  Утренней, Утренним, Утренними, – Передний (front)à Передним, Передней, Передним, Передними, – Дальний (distant, long run) à Дальним, Дальней, Дальним, Дальними, – Последний (last) à Последним, Последней, Последним, Последними, – Синий (blue) à Синим, Синей, Синим, Синими. We are going to discuss them in the following article. Russian Imperative mood. Prepositional case. Instrumental (0719g) Instrumental case. When we use a noun in the instrumental case, we must change the adjectives as well in the instrumental case. 5. You would use the instrumental in a sentence like "we went there by car". In Russian the words that express the presence of the quality of an object are used in the Instrumental case: Девушка с голубыми глазами (The lady with blue eyes). How To Survive The Russian Winter. Adjectives Colors: 9. (Whereas adverbs describe verbs or actions). 2) Plural Adjectives in the Instrumental Case; 3) Plural Possessive Pronouns in the Instrumental Case . Remark: Many prepositions (в, за, на, но, etc.) Russian Present tense. Doing this will make you familiar with the structure of the sentence. We will be discussing it in following article. The hard adjectives have suffix “-ый”, “-ой”, and “-ий”. It is also used in space and time phrases. Home » Grammar » The Instrumental Case of Adjectives in Russian Language. Квартира с балконом (An apartment with a balcony). Russian possessive pronouns. demonstrative pronouns (этот, тот) and the question word чей: Listen and repeat. There are no articles, neither definite nor indefinite (such as the, a, an in English), in the Russian language. Students are writing a test with blue pens. VOCABULARY блю́дце = saucer зонт = umbrella сгущёнка (a shortcut from «сгущённое молоко»)= condensed milk футбо́лка = T-shirt трамва́й = tram, street car набо́р откры́ток = set of postcards герб = co It typically denotes an object as being the means by which some action is carried out (e.g., I … Cases in Russian affect nouns, adjectives, and pronouns ('I', 'me', 'my', 'your', etc). Instrumental. Russian Christmas Celebration; You May Steal Everything on Rusian Svyatki Day. 6. Nouns in the Instrumental Case: 18. The Instrumental singular ending for adjectives that modify masculine and neuter nouns is -ым (-им) . Accusative Case – Direct Objects: 13. The instrumental case is used to show an action or describe the profession. [tr][th]Masculine[/th] [th]Feminine[/th] [th]Neuter[/th] [th]Plural[/th][/tr], [tr][td]-ым[/td] [td]-ой[/td] [td]-ым[/td] [td]-ыми[/td][/tr]. Грамматика                                     The most common short adjectives, used with the Instrumental case, are болен (to be ill with), богат (rich in), беден (poor in), известен (famous for), доволен (pleased with), знаком с (to be acquainted with), согласен (to agree with), дружен с (to have somebody as a friend), удивлён (surprised by). The instrumental case in Russian is an indirect case and answers the questions кем/чем (kyem/chem)—with whom/with what. Russian sentences are more heavily based on cases than English, so they make up the bulk of mastering basic Russian. Start studying 8. Я учусь в одной группе с твоим братом. е хать п о ездом (to go by train) - the instrumental There are six cases in Russian: nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, instrumental, and prepositional. Term of Use, The Instrumental Case of Adjectives in Russian Language, on The Instrumental Case of Adjectives in Russian Language, Foreigner Tips! Instrumental Case. Russian pronouns. студентами. Therefore, a noun may have 12 forms: 6 forms for singular and 6 forms for plural. In 95% of cases Russian would rather say: Я был на очень интенсивной конференции. To mastering the Russian language, it is important to have a good understanding of the nominative, genitive, accusative, dative, instrumental, and prepositional cases. If there is any specific part of the lesson you would like to study first, you can click on the above titles in blue and go straight to that subject. 1. See Russian adjectives used in example sentences, videos and charts that make it easy to understand this grammar topic like a pro. Yesterday we have met a new Russian student . case adjectival endings:      The Russian language has six cases to show what function a noun has in a sentence: nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, instrumental, and prepositional. The instrumental case is used to show an action or describe the profession. Russian verbs aspects. The Instrumental singular ending for adjectives that modify feminine nouns is -ым (-им); -ой (-ей); -ыми (-ими). To make sentences using the instrumental case of adjectives, you need to remember the formulas and keep practicing. Listen and repeat: 3. © Oral Drill 3. If a noun is used in the Instrumental case, the adjective that modifies that Вчера мы познакомились с новым русским Nouns in the Instrumental Case Reflexive Verbs: 19, 20. plural of. Antonia Romaker - English and Russian online 26,401 views In the Russian language there are many different forms of each adjective. студентом. All you need to know to say it correctly 80% of the time is:. The cases are discussed with reference to: A. In a previous post, we have learned about the instrumental case of Russian nouns. Numbers: 14. Adjectives always describe nouns. Cookies TOS | Then, try to find out the sentences that you think is use the instrumental case of adjectives. Pay attention to the Instrumental case endings. The Instrumental plural ending for adjectives that modify plural nouns is Adjectives modify a noun, and take the case ending that corresponds with whatever case the noun is in. Level: Intermediate Topic: Adjectives in the instrumental case (2) Instructions: Choose the right INSTRUMENTAL form of each ADJECTIVE (which could be masculine, feminine or neuter). Вчера мы познакомились с новыми русскими Questions. same as adjectives endings. Russian Instrumental case - functions, forms, творительный падеж в русском - Duration: 14:17. Russian grammar exercises. There are instances of overlap which we will take advantage of in order to simplify learning the Russian case system. The accusative case of Russian adjective has a … (Relating to the 6 cases, 3 genders, plural, short and the comparative). Here you can find the general explanation and the prepositions used with the Instrumental case. Everything is good in its season, and if you are reading this page now it is definitely the right time for you to become an expert in Russian language cases. In English we commonly use the words "by" or "with" to do this. Russian verbs. Is it correct and usual to use the instrumental case with adjectives when speaking in the past tense? Adjectives are used to describe people and objects. Instrumental case. (0810) Prepositional Case of Nouns, Adjectives, Possessives. 2020 Learn Russian Language |, Adchoices | Disclaimer | D. Prepositions governing the cases (including the so-called adverbial and verbal prepositions). Form the Instrumental case of possessive pronouns, The Instrumental case endings for possessive and demonstrative pronouns are the Have a wonderful day! masculine and neuter nouns add an у sound to their ending; feminine nouns change their а sound to an е sound; nouns in plural form add ам; you use the dative case when you mean ‘to’ something or someone. If you want to describe where have you been (at the conference). RUSSIAN CASES. C. Verbs governing the cases. Master Russian adjectives with this complete guide to usage, including declension, short versus long adjective forms, the Russian comparative and superlative and more. We introduce you to the Russian case system with detailed explanations on rules and exceptions.With our consolidated data you will feel confident in declension of Russian nouns, adjectives and pronouns soon! The nominative case answers the questions "who?" It’s use after prepositions like c(with), между(between), перед(in front of), за(behind), над(over), and под(under). 5. Yesterday we have met new Russian students . Contact Us | Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. Russian predicate adjectives always agree with the subject in gender (in the singular) and number, but they can exhibit three options with respect to case assignment: they may have the same case as that of the subject (nominative), bear a case which is different from that of the subject (instrumental), or receive no case at all, appearing instead in the caseless For now, let’s learn about the instrumental case of adjectives. When we use a noun in the instrumental case, we must change the adjectives as well in the instrumental case. If you still find it difficult, you can try to read articles or short stories in Russian. The sentences that you think is use the words `` by '' or with... 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