Danyal Hussain For Mailonline Revolutionary new policing techniques widely used across the world today, including “kettling” and the first-ever use of tear gas and short shields by newly instituted riot squads, were first tested in the summer of 1967 by the HKPF. Swedes can’t figure out their government’s coronavirus approach, a progressive push on U.S. foreign policy, and an honest assessment of the Arab Spring’s fallout. It is a British rank and the countries following the British police model often incorporate this rank in their police service. The focus on drama risks ignoring the hard slog of resistance. For too long they have … Pages 489-515 Published online: 19 Dec … Hong Kong - a British colony until 1997 - is part of China under a model known as "one country, two systems". You must be a permanent resident of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and have lived in Hong Kong for at least seven years. 3 Hong Kong police officers jailed over assault of 62-year-old man tied to hospital bed Judge says case has damaged the reputation of the police and Hong Kong. At the center of the heavily criticized police response to the recent protests are three senior British police officers: chief superintendent Rupert … However brutal the measures, the HKPF’s success in quelling the violence marked the beginning of an era of widespread public support for the force, which was to bask in the warm glow of its newly granted Royal Charter in 1969—awarded for its handling of the riots—and its reputation as Asia’s finest for decades to come. Agriculture’s importance for the labor market cannot be underestimated—especially amid a historic pandemic. Another of those trying to bring about the prosecution is Nathan Law, a young democracy activist who recently fled to London from Hong Kong after China imposed a controversial security law on the territory in June. Nearly a hundred Hong Kong police officers, two of them British, have been honoured for their service to the territory during last year’s pro-democracy protests, despite claims of … Tactics first developed during the 1967 riots were again on full display, most notably in the repeated deployment of dedicated riot squads equipped with short shields and batons. 'Despite clear evidence of excessive force, no officer has been disciplined. Anything else, or indeed anything less, really would be the final act in the cycle of violence that Britain has inflicted on Hong Kong. Mounted police were immediately followed in by the assembled riot suppression units, which had been modeled on the HKPF’s organization in the intermediary three years since Quine’s counsel. The officers are accused of directly engaging in torture against pro-democracy demonstrators, or directing others within the force to carry out the crimes. These techniques were eventually codified amid total secrecy in a file titled the “Public Order Manual of Tactical Options and Related Matters,” an infamous document that only became public in the aftermath of Orgreave. By Hong Kong protests: Police use ‘UK-made tear gas’ in violent crackdown on activists. Yet, despite the appalling scenes of police violence, Chief Executive of Hong Kong Carrie Lam has repeatedly resisted calls for an independent police inquiry to supersede the toothless and long-maligned Independent Police Complaints Council. The officers are accused of directly engaging in torture against pro-democracy demonstrators, or directing others within the force to carry out the crimes. Members of the Force fought and died in both World Wars, in Europe and the Far East. A Hong Kong police officer on Friday pleaded guilty to sexually assaulting five underage girls he met online, with the youngest being an 11-year-old whom he paid HK$200 (US$25) to molest in the stairwell of a car park.. Yu Chun-hing, 35, also admitted to possessing 28 nude photos of a 12-year-old girl, after telling her he loved her and wanted to masturbate to the images. A few minutes later, he tripped and ended up on the ground—only to be piled on by dozens of protesters, who took evident delight in beating him. The law's introduction has coincided with ramped up police action against democracy supporters. Like it or loathe it drill is an essential part of soldiering and for those in the Hong Kong Police force, it’s just as important. Torture has allegedly been carried out in police stations and on the streets, with a specific incident cited at Hong Kong's Citic Tower during protests in June 2019. Mr KONG Hok-lai, Kelvin joined the Hong Kong Police Force as an Inspector of Police in 1996. It also toppled the firewall between the mainland's Communist Party-controlled courts and Hong Kong's vaunted independent judiciary. He was subsequently certified dead. The prosecution is being brought by a team of prominent activists and lawyers, who are using a JustGiving page to try and raise £200,000 to employ a full-time legal team. Bejing also responded with criticism after Britain announced plans to open up a path to citizenship for nearly three million Hong Kongers. Hong Kong activists Joshua Wong, right, and Ivan Lam, left, are escorted by Correctional Services officers to prison, in Hong Kong, Wednesday, Dec. 2, 2020. A caricature of Hong Kong police superintendent Rupert Dover by the Chinese artist Badiucao, July 2019. Police in the United Kingdom, widely criticized for their handling of the race riots that same year, had requested help from Roy Henry, the then-police commissioner of Hong Kong… Lai, 71, was led away in handcuffs and arrested along with six others on suspicion of colluding with foreign forces - one of the new offences under the law - and fraud. The moment a police officer shot an 18-year-old protester from point-blank range was captured on video in Hong Kong, Tuesday, October 1. Yet beyond the role of individual personnel lies a deeper story of brutal post-colonial policing. 14:29 GMT 10 Aug 2020 By They says the prosecution can be carried out in London as torture is an offence which has universal jurisdiction under British law. The willingness of some British members of Parliament, including Goodman, to hold the U.K. government to account on Hong Kong for little to no political gain of their own is a start, as is Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt’s withdrawal of export licenses for crowd control equipment to Hong Kong. C.M. More: 'British Officers Give Hong Kong Police Crash Course In Drill' Marking the end of the training, certificates were handed out and the winners revealed. Some 14 years earlier, the HKPF had brutally suppressed the worst violence in the city’s history, as pro-communist rioters launched indiscriminate bomb attacks against civilians. British army personnel have returned to Hong Kong to drill police officers on ceremonial protocol and practices (AFP Photo/RICHARD A. BROOKS) More Hong Kong (AFP) - Nearly 20 years after Hong Kong was returned to China, the British army is back -- this time to train the city's police force on crucial matters of pomp and ceremony. A former assistant commissioner in the Metropolitan Police, John Alderson, later stated that the policing strategies used at Orgreave were “a carbon copy of the Hong Kong riot squad.” Meanwhile, allegations continue to swirl to this day about police engineering the entire confrontation to damage and discredit the miners. Senior British officers in the Hong Kongpolice force could face legal action in the UK on torture charges after activists said on Monday that they plan to proceed with a … To confront the legacy of colonial violence it left behind in Hong Kong, the U.K. must do more than merely speak out. Many of those officers are British, and as such, they are subject to British law.'. Over the years in the Force, Mr KONG devoted most of his career in the Security Wing, besides various posts at the Police Headquarters and in frontline operational command. Though the Hong Kong Police Force officially ceased hiring foreign officers in 1994, there are still several prominent British officers within the upper ranks of the force, holdovers from when it was the Royal Hong Kong Police Force under British rule. About 5% of the police force is made up of officers with British passports, Pulford estimated. Hong Kong’s status as a colony was exploited by the HKPF as a potential testing ground for new strategies that would be deemed too extreme for use in Britain. The Hong Kong police have not responded to a request for comment. British National Overseas (BNO) passports, Why India’s Farmers Won’t Stop Protesting, The War in Tigray Is a Fight Over Ethiopia’s Past—and Future, Trump Leaves Biden Administration a Parting Gift in Currency Wars, How the Western Sahara Became the Key to North Africa, The Islamic State Isn’t Behind Syria’s Amphetamine Trade. And almost 35 years to the day of Orgreave, the HKPF engaged in a series of brutal clashes with peaceful and unarmed protesters outside the Legislative Council building. Police later said all were meant to be warning shots, as the officers felt their lives were under threat. Hong Kong police admit that, at one point, they were stretched too thin to respond to the number of moving protests, with hardline activists adopting a "hit-and-run" strategy. Two police officers were beaten bloody by pro-democracy protesters in Hong Kong today as violence erupted at a rally calling for greater democratic freedoms in the heart of the city. If you wish to join the Hong Kong Police Force as Inspector or Constable, you are expected to meet the requirements listed below. The success of HKPF techniques in Britain meant a new generation of police officers, including Dover, were trained in them even before they arrived in the then-colony. The law was introduced to quell widespread and often violent pro-democracy protests, sparking criticism from Western nations and sanctions from the United States. We are no longer accepting comments on this article. However, the only real game-changing action the U.K. government could take would be to extend the eligibility criteria for British National Overseas (BNO) passports, held by some 3 million Hong Kongers, to include all those born in Hong Kong after 1997 or even go one step further and grant BNO holders the right of abode and right to work in Britain. In 1967, with the Cultural Revolution in China reaching its crescendo, communists inspired by the activities of the Red Guards in the mainland waged a protracted insurgency in Hong Kong against the colonial government. The most notorious incident of the events on June 12 was the firing of a tear gas cylinder at Democratic Party legislator Wu Chi-wai, who was peaceably approaching a police unit following brutal scenes of that same unit of officers beating unarmed demonstrators. A white police officer, initially believed to be Dover but subsequently identified as Shave, could be seen directing a subordinate to fire a tear gas cylinder directly at Wu, who was totally unarmed and clearly identified himself as a sitting legislator. Police criticised for using rubber bullets, pepper spray, tear gas and batons to force crowds back Elsewhere, rubber bullets and long-range pepper spray were used on both demonstrators and journalists, resulting in 79 injuries, while in total the HKPF fired more than 150 tear gas canisters over the course of a single day. On Thursday, more than two months into the worst unrest this city has seen in decades, senior police officers invited a group of journalists to the towering police headquarters in Hong Kong… None of the officers who could face prosecution have been named. The 'Royal' title was bestowed upon the HKPF for their efforts in quelling communist riots in 1967.The Royal Hong Kong Police Force (RHKP) reverted to its former … After Hong Kong was handed back in 1997, some of the responsibilities previously held by the military were passed to the police and since then they have strived to retain their British ceremonial style. In response to the introduction of the controversial national security law in Hong Kong, Foreign Minister Dominic Raab last month announced that residents would be offered a 'route to citizenship', an extension of the six-month allowance to five years. Later footage subsequently revealed that Dover was also embedded in the unit. Clashes cut short Hong Kong rally as police officers are attacked. The editor of Lai's Apple Daily paper said its journalists would not be intimidated by the raid after staff posted a live-stream of dozens of police on their premises. When war came again in 1941, an unknown number of police officers and reserves - Chinese, Indian, European and Eurasian - had their lives taken by the Japanese during both the main c… Senior British officers in the Hong Kong police force could face legal action in the UK on torture charges after activists said on Monday that they plan to proceed with a private prosecution. It needs to also take concrete action more widely against breaches of the Joint Declaration and stand strong in the face of inevitable repercussions from Beijing. Hong Kong police threaten to fire live rounds at protesters if they continue to face 'deadly weapons' after officer was shot with an arrow. 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