As these shoots multiply, the mother plant in the center will eventually die off over the course of a couple years. A new plant starting where it is not wanted is easily pulled out since its roots are shallow. Bee balm grows in … In all cases, sow seeds just under the soil about 1/4 inch deep, as they are quite small. The leaves have a minty aroma when crushed. Bee balms spread rapidly via underground stems or stolons. The best time to take divisions is in early spring, just as the new shoots start sprouting out of the soil. Begin by loosening the soil around the roots and then sliding the shovel underneath the roots a… Or, you could simply reach under the roots with your hands and pull the root ball up. Dividing is also a good time to check on the overall health of your plants. In fact, the plant can become invasive and spread every year with the right growing season. I like to water all of my cuttings every few times with regular 3 percent hydrogen peroxide that’s available at most pharmacies and department stores instead of water. They look fabulous in large patches, as seen in the photo of my garden at the top of this article. Plant a few fragrant Bee Balm plants (Monarda) in your garden and watch them come alive with activity from hummingbirds and butterflies. Posted by. Prepare a weed-free area for either a nursery bed or permanent planting. The caption on the Nutri-Rooting Gel should be ROOTing Gel, not ROTTing Gel. Push in all the way and slide under the roots as best you can at a 45° angle, and pry the shovel upward. Dividing your plants will help lessen overcrowding and reinvigorate old plants. A plant I had never heard of until I moved to Minnesota, I have found it to be quite striking in the garden. Leave two to three shoots per divided clump with an intact root system that’s at least six inches in diameter. In addition, the centers of the clumps often die out within a few years. Every 3 or 4 years, dig up and divide the plants. Thanks Edward, I’ve fixed it and updated it. Subsequently, one may also ask, does bee balm spread? Like many mints, it has a square stem, opposite leaves, and creeping rhizomes that spread rapidly under the soil. It tries its best to spread itself to the sunnier edge and those plants flower much better than the ones more in the shade. Sow Lemon Bee Balm seeds directly in prepared areas in the spring when temperatures begin to warm. There are quite a few varieties of Monarda. Blooming for weeks from mid to late summer, they rest upon a whorl of decorative bracts and attract scores of butterflies and hummingbirds. As I mentioned above, after about two to three years, you may find that the center part of clumps of bee balm has declined, with sections that are growing poorly. Grown mainly for its showy flowers, bee balm blooms in summer in shades of white, yellow, pink, red or purple. Growth Habit: Bee balm can grow up to 4 ft tall with a spread of 3-4 ft, but dwarf varieties top out at just 15 inches, with a spread of 18-24 inches. Compact, Monarda 'Petite Delight' (Bee Balm) is a clump-forming perennial of oval habit boasting masses of lavender-rose flowers, borne in dense, globular terminal heads. 4 months ago. Have red bee balm planted toward the edge of a shade garden. Bee Balm is considered a perennial and if not over-harvested will produce scarlet clusters of flowers for several years. Bee balm flowers are so captivating that they add color and beauty to … u/Dabo57. A native wildflower hybridized for gardens, the flowers of bee balm are at their peak in summer. In addition, the centers of the clumps often die out within a few years. If you do not want to plant new bee balm, simply discard the dug up shoots and allow the mother plant to continue growing. Subsequently, one may also ask, does bee balm spread? Propagating by dividing mature plants will also produce larger plants faster than what you would get if you started new ones from seed. How small should these smaller clumps be? Indiginous to Eastern North America, Monarda, or Bee Balm, is another of my favourite perennials. Pieces taken from a parent plant grow into clones with an identical genetic makeup and associated characteristics. Submerge the cuttings two inches deep in four-inch pots filled with vermiculite or potting mix. To control their spread and rejuvenate the plants, it's usually necessary to dig and divide bee balms every 2 to 3 years. Bee balm (Monarda) is a member of the mint family and spreads by runners (underground stems) and seed. Bee balm is an easy plant to identify when it ‘s growing wild in fields, stream beds or woodland edges. In other words, hybrids are not true to seed. Collect your fill, roll up the bag at the opening to close it, and place it in a well-aerated and dry place on its side with the seeds spread out. Plant the bee balm to a depth of ¼ to ½-inch deep, and space plants 12-inches apart. Do this around the entire perimeter. This can be achieved by digging between the mother plant and its new shoots, severing the roots connecting them. The main benefit of choosing to propagate via cuttings or divisions versus seeds is that you’ll know exactly what type of plant you’re going to get. You should have a sense by their numbers whether you want to cut some back or not. There are a few ways you can sow your seeds, which we’ll go over in a moment. Lemon balm is an upright, bushy, herbaceous perennial. But it is not really invasive. Mixed with Cone Flowers and Phlox, they present an astounding display of colour through most of the mid to latter parts of summer. 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