There are instances of overlap which we will take advantage of in order to simplify learning the Russian case system. Russian Past tense. Oral Drill 3. Here you can find the general explanation and the prepositions used with the Instrumental case. Then, try to find out the sentences that you think is use the instrumental case of adjectives. Numbers: 14. Russian Instrumental Case (With, By) In Russian, the instrumental case is used to indicate how something is done. Вчера мы познакомились с новыми русскими In the Russian language there are many different forms of each adjective. Instrumental Why Does Kulebyaka Pie Always Be A Special Thing On Russian Christmas Day? Cases in Russian affect nouns, adjectives, and pronouns ('I', 'me', 'my', 'your', etc). The only exception is the Instrumental singular and These are just several examples when to use the Instrumental case in Russian. D. Prepositions governing the cases (including the so-called adverbial and verbal prepositions). The accusative case of Russian adjective has a … For now, let’s learn about the instrumental case of adjectives. The Instrumental case answers the questions: – by means of what/whom? Form the Instrumental case of possessive pronouns, The Instrumental case endings for possessive and demonstrative pronouns are the студентом. See Russian adjectives used in example sentences, videos and charts that make it easy to understand this grammar topic like a pro. Disclaimer | 1. Is it correct and usual to use the instrumental case with adjectives when speaking in the past tense? Learn about the Russian adjectives with our series “Russian Tip of the Day”. Just like the dative case of adjectives, there is also formulas for instrumental case that is divided into hard and soft variants as you can see in the below. Therefore, a noun may have 12 forms: 6 forms for singular and 6 forms for plural. 21. If a noun is used in the Instrumental case, the adjective that modifies that In Russian, those questions are кем?, чем?. In each case, words have a form for singular and a form for plural. 5. Listen and repeat: 1. Start studying 8. Term of Use, The Instrumental Case of Adjectives in Russian Language, on The Instrumental Case of Adjectives in Russian Language, Foreigner Tips! Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. Genitive Case Plural: 17. How To Survive The Russian Winter. 1) Instrumental Case is Used to Designate an Instrument that is Used to Carry out the Action. Russian predicate adjectives always agree with the subject in gender (in the singular) and number, but they can exhibit three options with respect to case assignment: they may have the same case as that of the subject (nominative), bear a case which is different from that of the subject (instrumental), or receive no case at all, appearing instead in the caseless Adjectives Colors: 9. Yesterday we have met new Russian students . In English we commonly use the words "by" or "with" to do this. Russian personal pronouns. -ыми (-ими) . Refer to Lesson 14 - … Privacy Policy | I study in the same class with your brother.. Вчера мы познакомились с новой студенткой. Subscribe and receive tips and advices to help you in your studies of different areas of Russian language. Nouns Singular in the Genitive Сase: 15. VOCABULARY блю́дце = saucer зонт = umbrella сгущёнка (a shortcut from «сгущённое молоко»)= condensed milk футбо́лка = T-shirt трамва́й = tram, street car набо́р откры́ток = set of postcards герб = co If a noun is used in the Instrumental case, the adjective that modifies that noun must also be in the Instrumental case. Instrumental case is the fifth case of Russian language and consists of 5 rules. In a previous post, we have learned about the instrumental case of Russian nouns. The nominative case answers the questions "who?" – with what/whom? The Russian dative case is easy. The Instrumental singular ending 3. Russian possessive pronouns. Antonia Romaker - English and Russian online 26,401 views When we use a noun in the instrumental case, we must change the adjectives as well in the instrumental case. There are no articles, neither definite nor indefinite (such as the, a, an in English), in the Russian language. -ой (-ей). If you want to describe where have you been (at the conference). The instrumental case is used to show an action or describe the profession. The Instrumental singular ending for adjectives that modify masculine and neuter nouns is -ым (-им) . Your email address will not be published. In 95% of cases Russian would rather say: Я был на очень интенсивной конференции. (0810) Prepositional Case of Nouns, Adjectives, Possessives. We will be discussing it in following article. Yesterday we have met a new student. Doing this will make you familiar with the structure of the sentence. 2. -ым (-им); -ой (-ей); -ыми (-ими). Take a look at some good examples in the poster. Master Russian adjectives with this complete guide to usage, including declension, short versus long adjective forms, the Russian comparative and superlative and more. Here are further  examples and it’s using in sentences : – Первый (first) –> Первым, Первой, Первым, Первыми, – Новый (new) –> Новым, Новой, Новым, Новыми, – Печальный (sad) –> Печальным, Печальной, Печальным, Печальными, – Добрый (kind) –> Добрым, Доброй, Добрым, Добрыми, – Старый (old) –> Старым, Старой, Старым, Старыми, [tr][td]-им[/td] [td]-ей (or -ею)[/td] [td]-им[/td] [td]-ими[/td][/tr]. RUSSIAN CASES. The endings of Russian words change depending on the case they are in. The instrumental case is widely used to describe one's job - Я работаю учителем (I work as a teacher), Отец был рабочим (The father was a worker). You would use the instrumental in a sentence like "we went there by car". 5. Russian Christmas Celebration; You May Steal Everything on Rusian Svyatki Day. Accusative – the “direct object” case; Instrumental – denoting an instrument used in an action; Prepositional – used with many common prepositions, such as “in”, “on” etc. The cases are discussed with reference to: A. (Relating to the 6 cases, 3 genders, plural, short and the comparative). Instrumental Case of Noun Modifiers. The instrumental case is used to show an action or describe the profession. masculine and neuter nouns add an у sound to their ending; feminine nouns change their а sound to an е sound; nouns in plural form add ам; you use the dative case when you mean ‘to’ something or someone. Instrumental case in Russian language can be understood with the equivalent meaning in English - “with” or “by”. The instrumental case is commonly used with the preposition “C” (with). Declension of Russian adjectives. Listen and repeat: 3. If there is any specific part of the lesson you would like to study first, you can click on the above titles in blue and go straight to that subject. Every tip includes examples of usage of various lexical or grammatical constructions. Instrumental case. Before we start, we want you to keep in mind this important fact: “ The Prepositional case is always used with a preposition in the sentence ”. Prepositional case is the sixth and final case of Russian language and has only 3 very simple rules. To mastering the Russian language, it is important to have a good understanding of the nominative, genitive, accusative, dative, instrumental, and prepositional cases. demonstrative pronouns (этот, тот) and the question word чей: Listen and repeat. Russian pronouns. Russian Future tense. The hard adjectives have suffix “-ый”, “-ой”, and “-ий”. (0670g) Упражнение 3-21. Prepositional case. Russian grammar - The Instrumental Case. Russian adjectives. Russian Instrumental Case Adjectives study guide by Lucy_W_2 includes 9 questions covering vocabulary, terms and more. 2020 Learn Russian Language |, Adchoices | (0764) Contact Us | Russian verbs. All you need to know to say it correctly 80% of the time is:. Level: Intermediate Topic: Adjectives in the instrumental case (2) Instructions: Choose the right INSTRUMENTAL form of each ADJECTIVE (which could be masculine, feminine or neuter). We are going to discuss them in the following article. If you still find it difficult, you can try to read articles or short stories in Russian. Dative Case: 21. It typically denotes an object as being the means by which some action is carried out (e.g., I … Я учусь в одной группе с твоим братом. Accusative case. Adjectives always describe nouns. plural of. In the following lessons we will learn to form the Instrumental case with Russian nouns and pronouns. Pay attention to the Instrumental case endings. We introduce you to the Russian case system with detailed explanations on rules and exceptions.With our consolidated data you will feel confident in declension of Russian nouns, adjectives and pronouns soon! This case indicates which instrument is used to do or make something, or with whom/with the help of what an action is completed. Students are writing a test with blue pens. same as adjectives endings. 1. When we use a noun in the instrumental case, we must change the adjectives as well in the instrumental case. 2) Plural Adjectives in the Instrumental Case; 3) Plural Possessive Pronouns in the Instrumental Case . The Instrumental Case of a noun indicates that its reference is the means by which an action is ... Once you understand how cases work, you need to know the endings on the nouns (and adjectives) which mark these cases. If you also interested to learn about culture  and the etiquette of Russia, you can check it out here too. Russian Present tense. It is also used in space and time phrases. Cookies TOS | Remark: Many prepositions (в, за, на, но, etc.) Below are further examples of instrumental case of adjective in Russian Language: – Утренний (morning) à Утренним,  Утренней, Утренним, Утренними, – Передний (front)à Передним, Передней, Передним, Передними, – Дальний (distant, long run) à Дальним, Дальней, Дальним, Дальними, – Последний (last) à Последним, Последней, Последним, Последними, – Синий (blue) à Синим, Синей, Синим, Синими. Quizlet flashcards, activities and games help you improve your grades. (female). (Whereas adverbs describe verbs or actions). © Adjectives modify a noun, and take the case ending that corresponds with whatever case the noun is in. Generally, we use the instrumental case... to express the "instrument" used to perform an action: Он пи́шет ру́чкой - He writes with a pen. Have a wonderful day! 2. The instrumental case in Russian is an indirect case and answers the questions кем/чем (kyem/chem)—with whom/with what. Special constructions. Words like “fast”, “new” and “beautiful” are all adjectives. Adjectives are used to describe people and objects. Russian verbs aspects. The Instrumental singular ending for adjectives that modify feminine nouns is Adverbs and Adjectives: 10. студентами. ваш), C. Verbs governing the cases. It’s use after prepositions like c(with), между(between), перед(in front of), за(behind), над(over), and под(under). Memorize the Instrumental case of possessive pronouns (мой, твой, наш. (0719g) Instrumental case. If you’ve already familiar with the formulas and can create sentences using this case, let’s continue learning more about the adjective as well. 6. Russian sentences are more heavily based on cases than English, so they make up the bulk of mastering basic Russian. Basic function. Genitive with Prepositions: 16. Russian verbs of motions. The instrumental case is traditionally taught as the fourth case in Russian. Russian Guides and Exercises with Golosa/ ... Prepositional Case of Nouns, Adjectives, Possessives. Questions. Russian grammar exercises. noun must also be in the Instrumental case. Accusative Case – Direct Objects: 13. Вчера мы познакомились с новым русским case adjectival endings:      Russian Imperative mood. Вчера мы познакомились с нов ым русск им студентом. Nouns in the Instrumental Case Reflexive Verbs: 19, 20. It’s use after prepositions like c (with), между (between), перед (in front of), за (behind), над (over), and под (under). Yesterday we have met a new Russian student . The Russian language has six cases to show what function a noun has in a sentence: nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, instrumental, and prepositional. with the preposition с (with): Я иду́ туда́ с тобо́й - I go there with you / Ко́фе с молоко́м - Coffee with milk. Instrumental. Квартира с балконом (An apartment with a balcony). 1. е хать п о ездом (to go by train) - the instrumental There are six cases in Russian: nominative, genitive, dative, accusative, instrumental, and prepositional. The most common short adjectives, used with the Instrumental case, are болен (to be ill with), богат (rich in), беден (poor in), известен (famous for), доволен (pleased with), знаком с (to be acquainted with), согласен (to agree with), дружен с (to have somebody as a friend), удивлён (surprised by). [tr][th]Masculine[/th] [th]Feminine[/th] [th]Neuter[/th] [th]Plural[/th][/tr], [tr][td]-ым[/td] [td]-ой[/td] [td]-ым[/td] [td]-ыми[/td][/tr]. The Instrumental plural ending for adjectives that modify plural nouns is Home » Grammar » The Instrumental Case of Adjectives in Russian Language. Nouns in the Instrumental Case: 18. The Russian language has six cases: nominative, accusative, prepositional, genitive, dative, and instrumental. 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