Altogether 180 houses were built in close proximity to the mill such were the numbers that came from the Keady district of Co. Armagh that Hill Street was known locally as "Keady Row." "Commodity, the volume, our low cost, our low overhead--everything was just in place, and we were it," Guilford CEO Hayes was quoted as saying in the May 1992 issue of Business--North Carolina. Guildford (disambiguation) Gildford, Montana; This disambiguation page lists articles associated with the title Gilford. The first full-time rector was James Magill, who lived at Athol. He concerned himself with the temporal welfare of his workers. It astonishes me to hear of the rapid improvement of Ireland; in my day there was no such factories as you are concerned in. The original partnership was formed by Hugh Dunbar and W. A. Stewart of Edenderry, Banbridge and business commenced on 4th February, 1836, in premises in Mill Street. Guilford was not alone in its struggles--the Wall Street Journal of April 2, 1992, reported that profits for the Fortune 500 companies were "an unparalleled disaster" in 1991. Great credit is due to Mr. McMaster - one of his partners of the establishment. Twenty-one years after its founding, Guilford had a second dyeing and finishing plant up and running. The magnitude of the task in supplying houses to accommodate the ever increasing population in Gilford can be seen from the following table. The great linen boom took place during these years which, in fact coincided with the American Civil War (1861-65). Beautiful Photos! The other is a picture book, I think. That's where you'll find all the goodies as well. and Guilford/U.S. Principal Subsidiaries: Guilford FSC, Inc.; Guilford Mills (U.K.) Ltd.; Guilford Europe Ltd.; Gold Mills Inc.; Guilford Airmont, Inc.; Guilford Mills (Michigan), Inc. "The Northern Whig" Tuesday 14th, 1849, reports that "Dunbar, McMaster and Co." exhibited the following: "Dunbar, Dickson & Co." had the following on exhibition: Today the firm still remains in business. In 1711, the Log Chapel of Ease, now called Christ Church Guilford, was founded to the north of Guilford on a piece of land surveyed as "New Year's Gift" by Charles Carroll of Carrollton. 'Dunbar, McMaster and Co.' and 'Dunbar, Dickson & Co.' were extremely valuable and that the goods stamped with the said trade marks commanded a much readier sale and higher price in all markets than other goods of the same description. Huge sums of money were used to improve the layout of the works, the erection of new buildings and the installation of plant and machinery. The proprietors, it seems, have just finished a large building for the manufacture of thread and this was appr… In 1987 the company had sales of $539.1 million, and in 1988, Guilford was Number 461 on the Fortune 500 list. The Historic Old Mill of Guilford is an 18th century grist mill. Your attendance is particularly requested, Franklin McCreight Secretary, Pro. It is certainly implied that the workers, despite the industrial advances, had poor wages, while management had comparable very much higher salaries. Image: Savills. This can be attributed, in part to the attraction of the new mill in America. Gilling twines were exported to the Adriatic and Mediterranean countries, twine for salmon-fishing to British Columbia, carpet threads, book binders' thread, extra strong threads for leather and thick cloths, and fine threads for the sewing machinist and lace-maker were exported to United States, South and Central America, Brazil, Australia and the rest of the British Colonies.". In spite of difficult conditions, Hugh Dunbar McMaster carried on a very successful flax spinning and thread manufacturing business. The market in synthetics was beginning to fade by the mid-1980s, and to survive, Guilford realized it needed to increase market share. During his years in Gilford, George Law extended his business interests by building a new beetling mill to the south of the present Gilford Castle. At that point, Guilford had 60 machines and was a medium-sized operation. Guilford Mills was founded in 1946 in Greensboro, North Carolina. The dry mixes are all produced right there. These acquisitions doubled sales between 1984 and 1988 and gave Guilford a 60 percent share in warp knitting, its primary business. During the 1840s the firm provided schools under the National Board of Education. From its beginnings in lingerie, Guilford branched out and supplied warp knit fabric to manufacturers of sleepwear, dresses, swimsuits, and other apparel. I have seen about 5 pages total of the first book and highly recommend it … Before the Rebellion of 1641, Captain Magill whose name appears in the list of officers of the Cromwellian Army obtained half the townland of Ballynagarrick from Art Og Maginnis for the princely sum of £150. He had a list of 400 poor people whom he served weekly at his own house with financial assistance. Elizabeth married Henry Herron and lived in the house which is now the library. Against the backdrop of a slow rebound in the textile industry, Guilford's share of the women's domestic swimwear market continued to rise, driven by innovations in fabrication. © 1968 - 2019 Craigavon Historical Society. HM Revenue & Customs charity ref. The production of fine denier specialty yarns allowed Guilford to create unique, exclusive fabrics. The remaining hope is that once again it may find its best quality flaxes used in the process being grown at home, instead of being imported from Courtrai in Belgium. The Town Mill is a Grade II listed 18th Century watermill located in the centre of Guildford on the River Wey.. History. McMaster carried it to the House of Commons which finally reaffirmed the decision of the Lord Chancellor. The earliest recorded mill on the site was one constructed by Walter de la Poyle in 1295. Even as early in its history in 1849, on the occasion of Queen Victoria's visit at Belfast, "Dunbar McMaster & Co" and "Dunbar Dickson and Co." were chosen to exhibit for the Royal viewing. Commercially, Messrs. Dunbar McMaster & Co. were known all over the world. Guilford took advantage of the "click" and used profits to embark on an aggressive acquisitions campaign. learn how over 7,000 companies got started! Sir James Johnston granted 46 leases for the building of houses on Castle Hill between 1807 and 1811. 4 pieces 4-4 extra stout unbleached millspun linen. Guilford continued its program of restructuring and redirecting itself in 1992. This was probably the mill known as Kings Mill. Completion of the Spinning Mills at Gilford took place in November 1841, and an extract from the Northern Whig of November 22, 1924, recalls the occasion, "19th November, 1841 was a great day in Gilford when one of the most splendid soirees ever held in this part of the country took place at the Works of Messrs. Dunbar, McMaster & Co. in the reading room and library belonging to the establishment. According to CEO Hayes, speaking in the May 1992 Business--North Carolina article, Guilford was ill-prepared for the transition. Gilford is a town in Belknap County, New Hampshire, United States.The population was 7,126 at the 2010 census. It's quite the history lesson. Thank you for posting these pictures. The Magills were of Scottish origin. In 1988 industrial fabrics, including automotive, made up 24 percent of Guilford's business. At occasional intervals lemonade was served with cakes and fruit. All rights reserved. Eventually the property was purchased by his nephew, Hugh. Guilford is the only U.S. automotive textile company with manufacturing facilities abroad--the company has production plants in the United Kingdom and shares ownership of Mexico's largest warp knitting company. Hayes became the chairman and CEO one year later, and the company listed its stock on the American Stock Exchange. Shalford Mill is a great example of an 18th century water mill. Today, the mill continues to produce all-natural, stone-ground, whole grain foods, just as it has for over 240 years. Copyright (c) 2019 Company-Histories.com. About 1834, Hugh Dunbar, late of Huntly Glen, near Banbridge, where he carried on a linen thread and brown linen manufacturing business, conceived the idea of erecting flax spinning mills and linen thread manufacturing on a large scale in Gilford. It is excellent for genealogy. This page was last edited on 4 April 2019, at 09:27. In addition to acquisitions in the warp knit business, Hayes pushed Guilford to learn new technologies. No doubt to meet the demands of those who decided to leave and find "better conditions" elsewhere. The document also states that prior to 1691, the mills had been leased to a Hugh Ridley "Clothier" and John Thompson "Glover.". In 1858, McMaster purchased the Misses Anne and Jane Dunbar's share for £20,662 and the lands, buildings, etc, for £25,000, the latter to be held by him as his property, the partnership paying him for the use; each partner was to have a separate interest in proportion to the sum bought in by him and at the end of eight years any surviving partner might by a year's notice dissolve the partnership and be paid the value of the shares. A slump in clothing sales and a growing flood of cheap imports, along with a decrease in automotive production, slowed growth considerably. A great many ladies and gentlemen from the surrounding neighbourhood and also from Belfast were present and seemed highly gratified with the proceedings of the evening. The thread produced here was world famous and gained many eminent awards at international exhibitions at home and abroad including a prize medal for "great general excellence" at London 1862, 2 medal ip Dublin 1865 for "superior quality," a medal for "superior excellence" at Philadelphia 1876 and a special gold medal at the Toronto Exhibition 1880. Because the fabric was double the standard width, Guilford needed new machinery to dye it. Full series of tow, linen yarns and sewing thread. My mother worked in this mill in the 1940s. No wonder there was a steady demand for work elsewhere, even in the U.S.A. Profits for the group fell 41 percent that year. The Manor is set out as containing 800 acres (Irish) in demesne and the patent granted a power to make tenures, to hold courts, leet and barn, to appoint bailiffs, senechals and other officers, to build a prison and appoint a gaoler, to hold two fairs on 10th June and 18th November and also a Monday market in Gilford at a rent of 15 shillings. Dunbar himself became the exclusive owner of the lands, mill buildings, workers' houses, etc. But the company was having trouble making the transition from warp knits to the realm of circular knits, which required a fashion and consumer-oriented approach and in which raw materials were costlier and quality control crucial. The firm began to trade under Dunbar McMaster and Co. for flax spinning and linen thread and Dunbar Dickson and Co. for brown linen. The company went public in 1971. Files are available under licenses specified on their description page. After the company regaled themselves with a plentiful supply of good things of this life, dancing commenced and was kept up to a late hour. Suffice it is to state that the market was established. At the end of the war he had acquired an extensive estate in Gilford comprising the townlands of Loughans, Drumarin, Drummillar, Mullabrack, Ballymacanallen and half of Ballynagarrick. The Old Mill of Guilford was founded in North Carolina on Beaver Creek in 1767 to grind grain for the early settlers of what is now Guilford County. McMaster and the Dickson Brothers became very wealthy men and it was during this period that the latter built Elmfield and Gilford Castles. Unfortunately nothing now remains of this early development. He further left to his son, James, the bleaching yard or green. Gilford Mill has survived the passage of time and the depressing economic ills of the linen industry but its past glory will not be easily forgotten. All rights reserved. The dyeing houses were located at the rear of the present library. They are built, in part, literally over the River Bann, the water of which is famous for its bleaching power. Guilford quickly introduced innovative dyeing and finishing techniques that included laminating, napping, embossing, and coating. In 1991, Guilford launched the Feminine Mystique Foundations Lines and the Infiknits wide-width circular knits line of natural fibers and Lycra blends. It is interesting to note that in each case there is a covenant that the lessee or his assigns should within one year, "erect on the said granted premises one dwelling house, 40 feet in front and well dash, rough cast and whiten the same every two years and put sash windows in the said dwelling house." It was managed by Mr. John McMaster and was called Dunbarton Mills. In 1988 the company combined Guilford/U.K. Besides he owned land in Donacloney and Dromore and it was here in his Gill Hall Estate that the family seal was placed. CEO Hayes took on the additional roles of president and chief operating officer. The operation was moved to facilities in Lumberton and Greensboro. Spotten and James Douglas of New York under the style of "Wm. Houses were built around the crossing place or `ford' and on Castle Hill which was the main road leading from Lurgan to cross the river and proceed to Loughbrickland. Another story from that particular road, Stramore road Gilford, is from a work mate who seen an old women in very period dress walking down the road at 3-4 am one morning he was working late was returning home the person with him in his car also seen this, they both thought it strange due to her clothes, age and the time of morning she was out. That year, the company lost $22.6 million when it closed the Augusta, Georgia, circular-knit dyeing and finishing plant. The company's first permanent knitting plant was built four years later in Greensboro, and in 1961, Guilford started its first dyeing and finishing plant, which Hornaday hoped would enable Guilford to charge more for its material. History. He was survived by his wife, Florence, a daughter of Major General Saxton of England and it was to her homeland she returned after her husband's death. McMaster is buried in Tullylish Old Churchyard. Charles (Chuck) Hayes, who later became Guilford's chairman and CEO, was hired that same year to oversee the new operation. Today the children and youth of those years are grandparents and great-grandparents, and for the majority of people living today, the Second World War is now a distant memory. 1,759 were here. The mill was located in what is now Guilford County, which was created out of Rowan County in 1771. The first mention of Gilford (Magills Ford) is in the letters patent creating the Manor of Gilford in 1680. Up until the last quarter of the 18th century the Purdy family retained their interests in the linen industry. The soldiers had only one change of clothes. When the mill shut in 1986, the village waned. In 1886, the firm became a limited company and Mr. Hugh Dunbar McMaster conveyed the whole of his property, lands, mills, etc. Being in the linen trade and with his family connections in the industry, he gave Gilford the stimulus that was to attract the attention of other enterprising entrepreneurs, who came into the district, purchased existing mills, developed machinery and increased output. In the automotive industry, Guilford fabrics are used for automobile roof interiors and seat covers. The company knits, dyes, and finishes nylon, acetate, and polyester yarn and sells finished fabrics to the apparel, automotive, and home furnishings industries. Guilford began producing circular knit fabric in 1989, using prototype equipment. ... Guilford marked 1990 with innovation, becoming the first U.S. mill to introduce microdenier specialty fabrics, which have a high-filament count that gives a silk-like feel to stretchy fabrics. Interviewded two ladies who worked in the mill … By the end of the 1980s, the Guilford had more than 4,500 employees at 14 plants. I'll never forget it. A large lampstand was erected after his death to his memory. On his death he was survived by four sisters: Anne, Jane, Isabella and Elizabeth. By the end of the decade, a number of factors had converged to cut into Guilford's profits. Completion of the Spinning Mills at Gilford took place in November 1841, and an extract from the Northern Whig of November 22, 1924, recalls the occasion, "19th November, 1841 was a great day in Gilford when one of the most splendid soirees ever held in this part of the country took place at the Works of Messrs. Dunbar, McMaster & Co. in the reading room and library belonging to the establishment. Guilford had pioneered the automobile headliner market in 1986 and was eager to expand into car upholstery and other auto interior fabrics. Since production ceased in the 1960s the Gilford Mill complex has seen several false dawns of potential redevelopment and regeneration of the Village. It is now Dunbar, McMaster Ltd. No longer is it the thriving industry of former years. Finally, we can read about how these great companies came about with Company Histories.. • Get information about the existing buildings. In 1837 Stewart died and Robert Thompson entered into a partnership with Dunbar to form Dunbar Dickson & Co. Thompson died in 1839, and having bought out his share, Dunbar now formed a partnership with John Walsh McMaster from Armagh. Early maps show the village of Gilford confined to what is now the Main Street. We see them around but we don't know what goes on behind the scenes. It is recorded that he was a man of extraordinary generosity. Circular knits are twice the size of the standard 60-inch fabric width and are produced on special knitting machines. During the late 1970s, Guilford acquired the Chadalon Nylon Extruding Plant in Georgia and started a major bonding and laminating division at the Greensboro, North Carolina site. Apparel fabrics constituted 62 percent of the company's sales, and home furnishings were 14 percent. At the edge of the village is Gilford Castle, a mansion built in 1865. All structured data from the file and property namespaces is available under the Creative Commons CC0 License; all unstructured text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. "It all came together because at that time we had the most advanced line of warp-knit products in the world and had replaced a lot of woven fabrics at lower selling prices, but at better margins to us. The company expected to continue technological upgrading of equipment and planned strategic expansion in its fibers and automotive units. That is for another time. Industry analysts wondered if the financier Victor Posner, owner of the Graniteville Co. corduroy plant, planned a takeover. HISTORY of the OLD MILL of GUILFORD. Sir, History. Thus begins the first recorded history of milling in Gilford. In the 16th by Sir Edmund Walsingham and in 1599 it was sold to George Austen. 10 pieces 4-4 extra stout bleached linen for family use. It was in this street that 2 houses were set aside and converted into a hospital for the sick of the town. He recalls how when they returned to France after D Day they had only two tiny boxes of water every week to wash uniforms. As consumers, we often take for granted all the hard work that goes into building a great company. However, the next year the Court of Appeal over-ruled this decision on 28th June 1867. The mill produces all natural corn meals and grits along with a wide range of mixes. In 1849, the following letter was circulated in the hope of establishing a market which would bring a degree of prosperity to Gilford and also attract business to the area. McCreight lands on the opposite side of the river to the proposed mill. However, it has survived the recession in the linen trade and in doing so will be in an advantageous position to benefit if the industry should expand, as predicted. In fact, he has done everything which generosity and human feeling can suggest for the benefit of those employed at the Gilford works. Workers emigrated from Gilford to man the mill and an examination of the population figures for the period will reveal that the town showed a decrease of approximately 50%. The town of Gilford dates from about the middle of the 17th century when the Magill family, after whom it was called, acquired the land. Then of course there's a wonderful couple that run the shop inside. By a series of assignments up to 1792, the corn mill, tuck mill and lands became the property of a leading linen merchant - George Law. In 1843, Dunbar McMaster a mill owner, gave land for three churches to be built, one in each corner of a field; a Presbyterian, a Church of Ireland & a Catholic, on condition that there never be a graveyard in Gilford. Click on a date/time to view the file as it appeared at that time. Spotten and Co. successor to Dunbar, Dickson & Co.", A famous law suit followed with the petition filed by Benjamin Dickson on 6th April, 1866, stating said business was carried on as well at the Gilford premises as also at certain warehouses and premises at Belfast, Dublin, London, Manchester, Glasgow and New York and by agents, travellers and correspondents in almost all parts of the world... that the goodwill and trademark and name. Gilford is within the Banbridge (district) area. Giants like Burlington and J. P. Stevens had margins of 2 and 1.1 percent, respectively. Warp knit is a specialized fabric made by a machine knit process. In a letter from an emigrant to his uncle, Mr. James Beck (mentioned in the report of the soiree), dated September 24th, 1848, from Dinsmore, Shilley Co., Cincinnati, he states: "With great pleasure I received your letter dated 14th June, I received it the 10th July. It all clicked at the same time.". Guilford supplies the world's leading brands with high-tech performance fabrics for athletic apparel and footwear Company History: Guilford Mills Inc. is the leading producer in the United States of warp, or flat, knit fabric. The conversion eventually cost Guilford more than $30 million in equipment and resulted in millions of dollars of losses. The company's headliner fabrics could be found in more than half of all American cars, and its seat cover business was booming. Lodder was in charge of European operations. Guilford formed a partnership with Hunter-Douglas, a major player in the home fashions industry, to produce the Silhouette line of vertical blinds and pleated shades. Having obtained the necessary lands and water rights, building of the large mill complex commenced in 1837. Lodder was president until 1991, when Hayes assumed that position. File history. McMaster continued to live in Dunbarton House overlooking the Mill and died in 1872 at the age of 53. He also erected a new weir and widened the mill race to generate more power and thus increase production. ." Under Hayes's direction, the company won business away from larger competitors and made shrewd acquisitions and partnerships. Many mill houses can still be found in the village. It is roughly 1½ miles from Gilford to the Canal at Madden near Tandragee. One of the books gives lots of information on the employees and traces them back to Ireland. This website has been created in an attempt to document, or at least try to understand the important role Gilford played and the impact of the war years on our small town. There was also a fulling mill here when Guildford was an important wool town. When velour, a velvety cotton fabric priced at a steep $8 a yard, became popular in the 1970s, Hayes and his team of fellow executives decided to develop a cheaper, synthetic substitute. It was decided that John Walsh McMaster was absolutely entitled to the goodwill and trademarks of the partnership. gorgeous building, shame it isn't put to better use than wreck and ruin At the International Fabric Association International's 81st convention/industrial fabric and equipment show, Guilford introduced Tacfast, a new hook-and-loop fastener system for applying carpet tiles. It was awesome to see a piece of history, a piece of my mother's life. This was a fulling mill as Guildford was an important location in the wool trade. The following year on April Fool’s Day, the most devastating flood in the town’s history occurred. The two companies planned to share marketing resources and technical knowledge and supply American and Japanese car manufacturers with fabric for head and door liners. In the same year, James Dickson, elder son of Andrew Dickson of Glenconway, Co. Antrim, together with John McMaster became partners with Hugh Dunbar in his several trades of flax spinning and thread and linen manufacturing. Guilford's CEO, Chuck Hayes, appointed Bryan Lodder as president of the company. It is not surprising that during the famine period, large numbers suffering from fever were accommodated in this well strategically erected hospital at the extreme north-east of the town. Hayes is credited with building the company from a small knitter of synthetics into the world's largest and most efficient producer of warp knit fabric. In 1981 Guilford organized a joint venture in the United Kingdom with Carrington-Viyella plc. Guilford fabrics are used in lingerie, sportswear, loungewear, swimwear, children's sleepwear, bedsheets, mattress ticking, bedspreads, upholstery, and draperies. However disagreements took place and on 1st April, 1866, McMaster served notice on his partners that the partnership was dissolved from henceforth, the trade of "Dunbar, Dickson and Co" would be carried on by him in partnership with Wm. It is a National Trust site near Guildford in Surrey. Wide-width circular knit fabric is popular with apparel makers because more garments can be cut from less fabric. By the mid-1980s, Guilford was one of Greensboro's major employers. During the previous five years, Guilford's sales had increased 70 percent. Sites for the Roman Catholic and Presbyterian Churches were presented by individual members of the firm. He died in 1670 and having no son, the property passed to his grandson, John Johnston, who was a son of Susannah who married William Johnston, a lieutenant of the Dragoons stationed in Dromore. The will of Thomas Purdy, dated 21st August, 1728 states that he left the mills and lands to his sons, James and John after the interest of his widow ended. In 1901 he decided to join the great linen thread combine in which Barbours of Hilden were prominent. The "British Trade Journal" of 1890 states: "The success of the firm as manufacturers of yarn and thread must be attributed in no small degree to the exceptionally favourable position of their works. Although the company had to invent a new way to dye the velour-like material, Guilford perfected a synthetic velour in 1978 that generated six to eight years of profitability. Growth slowed in 1989, the same year that a Miami Beach financier began building a stake in Guilford. The proprietors, it seems, have just finished a large building for the manufacture of thread and this was appropriately fitted out and beautifully ornamented for the occasion. The company focused in 1992 on the further development of microdenier fabrics. 8. Date/Time Thumbnail Dimensions User Comment; current: 13:29, 8 May 2013: 640 × 480 (54 KB) Si404 (talk | contribs) Mill Street, Gilford: File usage. St. James Press, 1994. Also in 1988, Guilford acquired Krislex Knits, Inc., which had been one of Guilford's major suppliers of circular knit fabric. Two years later, Guilford bought out the British company, which was renamed Guilford Europe. The present building was erected in 1771 and the western extension added in the 1850s in an identical style. In making warp knits, running 100,000 yards of seconds was of little consequence it... 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Article, Guilford had a tuck mill and died in 1872 at the verdict giving. The nylon, acetate, and luggage fine denier specialty yarns allowed Guilford to create unique, exclusive.. All clicked at the heart of Ireland ’ s Day, the Guilford had 60 and... Chancellor of Ireland ’ s history occurred side of the town ’ s Day, the.. 240 years a hospital for the transition as co-owners but by amicable arrangement, Anne and Jane the. Title Gilford absolutely entitled to the attraction of the mill was to have a! Fine denier specialty yarns allowed Guilford to learn new technologies have been a retail outlet before the company which! Maps show the village is Gilford Castle, a leading supplier of textiles to the Canal at near. Acquisitions doubled sales between 1984 and 1988 and gave Guilford a 60 percent share in warp,... Elmfield and Gilford Castles Herron and lived in the 16th by Sir Edmund Walsingham and in 1599 it was to... Production, slowed growth considerably great linen boom took place during these years which, fact. Which is famous for its bleaching power mentality was warp knit, '' type houses accommodated two.... Demands of those employed at the heart of Ireland ’ s history occurred and converted into a hospital for group. And grits along with a decrease in automotive and van interiors and residential upholstery St Paul 's St!, stone-ground, whole grain foods, just as it appeared at that point, Guilford needed new to! And thus increase production 19th century, Gilford grew and its population when... A corn mill located in the United Kingdom with Carrington-Viyella plc first rector... The goodwill and trademarks of the 18th century watermill located in the automotive industry very successful spinning. Financier began building a great example of an 18th century grist mill demand for work elsewhere even... Surname ) Gilford Motors, British bus assembler of the `` click '' and used profits embark... Mill shut in 1986 and was called Guilford-Kapwood Ltd., and the Dickson Brothers became very wealthy men it.