Diospyros virginiana, commonly called persimmon, is deciduous tree with a rounded oval crown that grows to 35-60’ tall.It is native from Connecticut to Kansas south to Florida and Texas. Persimmon is a southeastern U.S. native tree that is easily recognized in winter by its unusual rugged, blocky bark. The wood is also used to produce wood turnery, spindles, furniture, and billiard cues. Middle-aged Common Persimmon. Thick, dark green leaves turn a yellow fall color. Stems of Common persimmon may be clumped, either because seedlings develop close to one another or because they grow from suckers after a tree has been cut down. Southern herbalists have used persimmon root bark, leaves, and unripe fruit as astringent agents in addressing thrush, diarrhea, sore throat, and ulcers. The medicinal value of persimmon bark and/or fruit was touted in a number of 19th century cures. Both types of persimmon trees have bark with unusual coloring and a unique pattern. Dysentery, diphtheria, thrush and hemorrhoids were among the … Common persimmon (Diospyros virginiana), also called simmon, possumwood, and Florida persimmon, is a slow-growing tree of moderate size found on a wide variety of soils and sites. Persimmon common persimmon (Diospyros virginiana) The common persimmon, Diospyros virginiana, is a large deciduous tree in the Ebenaceae, or Ebony family. In Persimmon the main branches are not horizontal, the leaves are more evenly spaced on longer side branches, small branches are hairy, and the buds are blackish. Bark is grey or black and distinctly Appalachian folk herbalist Tommie Bass suggested that "if you have stomach ulcers, why, you can make a tea from the bark of the roots and it will kill the ulcer graveyard dead! Native Americans used to harvest and store dried persimmon fruit. The bark on the common persimmon tree is very similar to alligator skin. American persimmons are dioecious; trees are generally either male or female. Common Persimmon. The wood of common persimmon is hard, smooth, and even textured. Fall color can be a … 1). Noteworthy Characteristics. Persimmon wood is extremely dense and strong, making it ideal for textile shuttles and driver golf clubs. Native persimmon is not readily available in nurseries, but several selected cultivars are produced for their edible fruit. Ebenaceae -- Ebony family. Bark is grey or black and distinctly blocky with orange in the valleys between the blocks. Female trees produce large orange-brown fleshy fruit that are edible after the first frost. It grows to a height of sixty, and some have been recorded at eighty. In Missouri, it typically occurs in rocky or dry open woods, limestone glades, prairies, thickets, abandoned fields and along roadsides (Steyermark). Fewer know there are male and female persimmon trees, and, as you might guess, only the female trees bear persimmon fruit. It tends to form colonies. An excellent small to medium tree, common persimmon is an interesting, somewhat irregularly-shaped native tree, for possible naturalizing in yards or parks. It is used for turnery, plane stocks, veneer, golf club heads, and occasionally low-grade lumber. Lowell K. Halls. Common Persimmon1 Edward F. Gilman and Dennis G. Watson2 INTRODUCTION An excellent small to medium tree, Common Persimmon is an interesting, somewhat irregularly-shaped native tree, for possible naturalizing in yards or parks (Fig. It can have a singular trunk or multiple trunks. 0000009432 00000 n Diseases of Persimmons Persimmon Wilt and Verticillium Wilt. The unripe fruit and inner bark of common persimmon are sometimes Best growth is in the bottom lands of the Mississippi River Valley. Figure 1. It’s relatively easy to learn to pick out persimmons in the forest based on their simple, glossy leaves (sometimes splotched with black) and, in mature trees, the distinctive, charcoal-colored, checkered bark. 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