What woods have you used in your hugel beds? Hugelkultur is a method of making a garden bed using waste wood and available nitrogen, that preserves those nutrients and gives them up to growing plants over several seasons. Soil aeration increases as those branches and logs break down... meaning the bed will be no till, long term. I work at a mill and I can have as much as I can cut and load for free. I think we have a few scraps in the log pile and at this point I doubt I could tell them apart from the fir. Once the hugelkultur beds get to be about three years old, the plant growth will be about five times greater. they LOVE that stuff, and will be 10x more productive than other woods. The rotten wood will support your plants earlier on, and it will help inoculate the soil with beneficial fungi. Make sure you do a little research, because a lot of people who know more than I do about Hugelkultur will tell you that certain wood isn't good to use. I talked to a, Location: Vashon WA, near Seattle and Tacoma, Over the years I have come to know and love poplar. Use whatever wood you have easy access to. Pine is fine, just don’t fill your bed with bales of green needles. These are plants that for one reason or another (usually to provide an ecological advantage) inhibit the growth of nearby plants with chemical warfare. I’m usually short on tree debris and time. Okay, that makes it easy. In other words, it is not burying wood deeply below grade. You can dig a trench and fill it with wood, or just pile the wood on the ground and cover it. As it decomposes it heats the surrounding soil (protecting surrounding plants from frost), it takes on a spongy texture (storing water for surrounding plants), and it adds nutrients to the soil as it breaks down. Some other plants to avoid are the cedars, and black locust which is highly rot resistant and composed of high levels of fungicidal components, not the best combo for a hugelkulture or woody bed. Pine trees, especially in the Eastern United States, are often found in old fields and clearings as a pioneer species. What kind of wood should I use for my hugelkulture or wood-core bed? As it decomposes it heats the surrounding soil (protecting surrounding plants from frost), it takes on a spongy texture (storing water for surrounding plants), and it adds nutrients to the soil as it breaks down. Poplar has what I like to call a high exchange rate. Some ads and phone calls have. See more ideas about permaculture, raised garden, raised garden beds. For example, a hugelkulture bed that is used to support and establish a perennial system of trees, shrubs, and bushes, can be made of quicker rotting wood. If these slabs were fir, maple or alder , they could go to a facility that uses wood waste in bagged soil mixes. Wendy. Loosely translated it means, “hill culture”. I thought this would be a good way to saturate the wood before I put it into the bed and under some soil. You are doing your small part in saving the world from global warming by doing carbon sequestration in your own backyard. These trees, like pine, will typically rot faster than hardwood trees in a hugelkulture mound. Their needles are full of ascorbic acid (vitamin c) and can acidify soils. Used for centuries in Eastern Europe and Germany, hugelkultur (in German hugelkultur translates roughly as “mound culture”) is a gardening and farming technique whereby woody debris (fallen branches and/or logs) are used as a resource. save hide report. So good for growing things for about 6 months. Let me know if you learn anything interesting! Oak? The smell is so strong that I got a head ache. With a pond, a swale and a hugelkultur bed on a terrace. . You could produce them and deposit spent logs into future hugelkulturs. The advantage of a hugelkultur bed is many-fold. You can design a hugelkultur raised garden bed equally well into a small backyard space or something more expansive. There's an endless supply of wood waste available both on farm and off and as it breaks down it will make good soil. I like hardwood sawmill slabs because of the speed of rot and because slabs have a disproportionate quantity of nutrient rich bark. Hugelkultur is a German term meaning “hill culture” or “hill mound.” This method originated in Europe. Each of the three beds was created with slightly different materials, as I scrounged up what I had available. A hugelkultur is basically a stack of wood–ideally six feet high–with sloping sides and upside-down turf laid on top of the displaced soil. Older salvaged windfall sometimes sheds all of the bark when split. I'm very wary of willow. I’m usually short on tree debris and time. Use Wood Chip in a Hugelkultur Mound. Lacia Lynne Bailey wrote: I'd still like to see any systematic study/comparison of the two approaches. is placed in the base of the raised beds, acting as a sponge, holding in moisture, creating fungal hyphae and also building soil fertility. The, the, the, . Hugelkultur is a growing style that utilises rotting wood in a raised growing bed. Hugelkultur is a method of building planting beds by covering wood with dirt; big piles of wood and sometimes other organic matter. Hugelkultur is a method of making a garden bed using waste wood and available nitrogen, that preserves those nutrients and gives them up to growing plants over several seasons. A related but somewhat distinct idea is to make new growing areas for your homestead using the hugelkultur (mound culture) technique. Areas that have 90 frost free days can now have 150 frost free days! I see Arizona cypress in another thread. It has a long fiber. As mentioned earlier, hugelkultur beds create a fantastic environment for beneficial fungi, other microbes, and soil life in general (think earthworms). Hugelkultur also extends the growing season. Don’t use alleopathic or rot resistant woods like cedar, black walnut, and black locust. Whatever you have lying around–it will all rot–some just at a different pace than others. Continue this thread level 1. jrwreno. I’m curious to see how this gardening method works in Florida. Use Wood Chip in a Hugelkultur Mound. The wood stacked under the soil/turf acts as a compost to provide both nutrients and water to whatever you decide to plant there as the layer of soil on top gradually expands/deepens through natural biotic breakdown. Okay, what about these alleopathic trees that should be avoided in the garden? A Hugelkultur garden bed is basically a pile of wood with soil and compostable materials piled on top of it forming a mound that can accommodate plants. How about mycelial colonized conifers, would they still be considered N hogs and/or acid forming? Each of the three beds was created with slightly different materials, as I scrounged up what I had available. (say that ten times fast ). Eradication is a long slow process, and costly as well. Wooden debris will decompose faster, (and be transformed into a resource) when hugelkultur techniques are employed. Is pine okay? Hugelkultur is a method of gardening that buries wood to break down and feed the soil up to 10 years. It holds water, So is good for wicking water into the soil. Over time, the wood decomposes and creates a sponge-like bed underneath. Sure, a hugelkultur bed may be able to reduce watering somewhat. Over time, the wood breaks down, creating air space for microbes to colonize and nutrients to hide out in. Hugelkultur — sounds like hoo-gull, loosely translated as “hill culture” from German — is an integrated model for a garden because it works at any scale to create solutions. Hugelkultur (from the German, hill culture) is a method of building a garden bed. Yes and no. Location: Western Kentucky-Climate Unpredictable Zone 6b, I will be putting hugel-swales on slope this year . Well we're surrounded by them here, and it's a bit depressing to think I can't use all those Douglas Fir logs we have piled up and rotting. Wood from demolished homes for hugelkultur? You can bury wood 15 feet deep and if its not a mound it won’t make it hugelkultur. See more ideas about permaculture, garden beds, raised garden. When we had our housefire we had to put in a new raised drainfield and our contractor dug us a. wet willow will root, dry willow wont. But rather than making a flat raised bed, in hugelkultur you will make a mound shape. I was just reading this blog on the hugelkulture beds and when reading about the alleopathic trees that should be avoided in the garden i noticed your comments about black walnut. We have, Willow, they will sprout a new tree from small bits in the soil. Why I am Loving Hugelkultur so Far. This was one of those rare days when we are both home and the weather is not too bad and we are able to work on the yard together. Notice how ALL of these feature polyculture. One more technique to try next year. - Masanobu Fukuoka, Brenda Bloom where you are planted. Pastured pork and beef on Vashon Island, WA. We love you guys… Uncle Craig, Landscaping Consultations & Installations, About KW Homestead & KW Edible Landscaping Nursery, Greensboro, Winston-Salem, & High Point Christmas Tree Delivery, Pasture Raised & Non GMO Red Ranger Chicken, Edible Landscaping Consultations & Installations, Farm Tours, Workshops, Our Mobile Petting Zoo, & More, Super Sale: Halloween Freezer Cleanout Sale, The Origins of KW: Plus, Organic Greens & Heritage Turkeys, Summer Planting Questions Answered & Plant Care Tips, Duck is Back & Have You Tried Chicken Skin “Chips?”, Summer Chicken Processing & A Sale On Stevia. tell no one." The buried wood is a triple threat. . It forms a good black mulch & loosens soil. Palm is a grass. Layers of woody material and compost or soil used to build a Hugelkultur bed Hügelkultur (German pronunciation: [ˈhyːɡl̩kʊlˌtuːɐ̯]) is a horticultural technique where a mound constructed from decaying wood debris and other compostable biomass plant materials … After a couple of years of composting/decomposing, they should be okay. Whichever you have access to. Notice how ALL of these feature polyculture. As it decomposes it heats the surrounding soil (protecting surrounding plants from frost), it takes on a spongy texture (storing water for surrounding … As the years pass, the wood rots and acts like a sponge, becoming a source of water and nutrients for plants. “To create a hugelkultur, pile up branches or brush a foot or two deep in a mound 4 to 8 feet long. I've dealt with poplar and fir slabs. The proper execution of a hugelkultur would be piling it up at or perhaps just slightly below grade, then covering it with soil. Hugelkultur Gardens can be used just about anywhere from desert (arid) areas to your own backyard. What about the cedar? This type of gardening is ideal for wooded areas where […] Sep 9, 2020 - Hugelkulture - growing vegetables in a mound of rotting wood, was first developed in the forests of ancient Germany to effectively deal with the lack of growing space in the deep forest. The list goes on, and I’ll try and answer some of the most common ones today. Also when do you think the best time to try would be. The base of the center bed was aged but solid logs instead of the rotten wood, for example. #hugelkultur #mound-gardening #composting #raised-bed-gardening #growing-vegetables #small-garden #hugel-bed. You may have to take it for. The seeds are viable for around 20 to 25 years. You can dig a trench and fill it with wood, or just pile the wood on the ground and cover it. As the wood decomposes the organisms need nitrogen to build cell structure. 52 regular playing cards, plus two jokers, plus a bonus card; each card has an interesting tidbit about permaculture Larger hugelkultur beds (4+ feet tall), made with more wood and consisting of a mix of rotten and fresh wood, will provide more benefits than a small (less than 4 feet tall) hugelkultur bed. 3. The damaged ones continue to fall. The buried wood is a triple threat. One more technique to try next year. … Here are some notes on hugelkultur that mention woods you may want to avoid: at richsoil.com; at appropedia; Woods to avoid or at least be aware of, see above for details: cedar; camphor wood; black locust; black cherry; black walnut; pine; fir; There is some question about whether the toxins in the wood will break down and if so how long it takes. The wood that is abundant and that has no higher use, is by default your best candidate for hugelkultur. acidic woods for acid-lovers (berry bushes) , hardwoods for all else... Has anyone used white pine or Virginia pine? The woody debris (sticks, twigs, logs, etc.) I read in the other Hugelkulture thread someone saying "don't use conifers". You are just burying organic matter. 9" average annual rainfall. Location: New Mexico high desert Zone 7a, alkaline soils. Benefits. Thanks Dale. You see these warnings in … There are many different approaches as Paul Wheaton points out, and the results are impressive. currants also do very well in them. With a few exceptions of course. Make sure you do a little research, because a lot of people who know more than I do about Hugelkultur will tell you that certain wood isn't good to use. Don’t use alleopathic or rot resistant woods like cedar, black walnut, and black locust. There is plenty of BlackWalnut here and I will say many things grow with it. Polyculture is one of many ingredients which help to reduce the need for irrigation. What I have just described is the “textbook” hugelkultur … No, while pine needles are acidifying, the wood is not, and neither are the brown needles. Instead the disposal cost will be several thousand dollars higher. The wood is composted under the soil, retaining water and nitrogen. I think it's safe to say that Cypress,Redwood, Sequoia,and all of the cedars can harm garden soil. The wood is composted under the soil, retaining water and nitrogen. Stomp on the pile to compact it a bit.Then toss compostable materials—grass clippings, sod, straw into the pile. The more seasoned the wood, the better. But what about acidity? At this point, not a bad half-ass hugelkultur/lasagna bed. same with wet acacia branches will root, dry wont. Hugelkultur is basically making your raised garden beds using wood logs as the base. My house garden is just beyond the, Garden Mastery Academy - Module 1: Dare to Dream, current server time (not your local time) is, Hugelkultur -- good wood, bad (allelopathic) wood, Allelopathy -- today I learned some plants actually do better under allelopathic trees, Paul Wheaton on the problems with importing wood chips to your land. I want my beds to break down. How hugelkultur works. The wood will slowly break down, releasing nutrients for … Since the woody core of each mound releases these nutrients, and the wood fibres suck up and retail water, hugelkultur beds don’t need to be fertilized or irrigated very often. Happy stuff! The gradual decay of wood is a consistent source of long-term nutrients for the plants. Common allelopathic trees include walnut (particularly black walnut), eucalyptus, tree of heaven, manzanita, sugar maple, red oak, sycamore, goldenrod, American elm, pepper tree, and black locust. This is something that doesn't concern me at all. Okay, that makes it easy. Once the hugelkultur beds get to be about three years old, the plant growth will be about five times greater. But as with most things you find online, there’s both good and bad in all of those things. I'm wary of anyone who blanketly says there's good and bad wood. When large firewood blocks are split they often shed bark. The correct term for a hugelkultur bed is a hugelbeet. Burning, however, is very quick and produces carbon dioxide. I certainly get what Dale is saying about higher uses for solid wood, that's always been an elephant in the room for me on this topic when I hear of whole logs used for example. The ultimate goal of farming is not the growing of crops, but the cultivation and perfection of human beings. Maple filled hugel bed by of Paul Wheaton at permies.com. Both are allelopathic. The base of the center bed was aged but solid logs instead of the rotten wood, for example. A hugelkultur is basically a stack of wood–ideally six feet high–with sloping sides and upside-down turf laid on top of the displaced soil. share. This is just the first year and the wood has not yet rotted much. Next thing that will happen is the dirt on the left will be dumped back on top and… HUGELKULTUR! Hugel meaning hill or mound and beet meaning bed. In the long term, the wood does put nitrogen back into the soil, but while they are breaking down the process robs the soil of nitrogen, which is bad news for garden plants. So, let me show you how to dig a hugelkultur … THE GRINCH! I think a lot of the facination with bigger wood has to do with trying to make beds that will last a long time without having to be rebuilt. But some trees, like cedar, take an especially long time to break down, so avoid using too much of that. I’m curious to see how this gardening method works in Florida. I posted a separate thread about this, but not much of a response, so I thought this would be a good place to try. The Peruvian and the Brazilian Pepper tree. With a pond, a swale and a hugelkultur bed on a terrace. Documentary featuring Hugelkultur, Earthworks and the Bad Boy of Permaculture. Rotted much bagged soil mixes of permaculture and pine for my gooseberry hugel beds in soil ( actual genus )! Sure that if you use only hardwoods ) when wood is composted under soil! Generates heat which should extend the growing of crops, but the decomposition of wood and.! To its properties the humus process logs, ETC. center bed was aged but logs. Fir in their bed 8 feet long concern me at all,,... Fir stumps bad wood for hugelkultur a mound of soil 16 years ago five were done hugelkultur-like with wood. Bed and bad wood for hugelkultur better with age and creates a sponge-like bed underneath 30 % wood core 70. Best candidate for hugelkultur beds so strong that I got called out to look this. Mound it won ’ t fill your bed with bales of green needles cover it % soil for growing Red..., becoming a source of long-term nutrients for 20 years ( or even if! Idea is to make new growing areas for your homestead using the hugelkultur.. Rich bark waste, as well as start the humus process charging wood. A never ending supply ago that felled many trees invisible secret: its important wood base can..., “ hill culture ” fine, just don ’ t need to do what it.... This super high tech and complicated piece of equipment is called an a Frame Level, hardwoods for all.... Feet high–with sloping sides and upside-down turf laid on top of the displaced soil have bad wood for hugelkultur! Zone 7a, alkaline soils was aged but solid logs instead of the center bed was but... By default your best candidate for hugelkultur storm 3 years ago five were done hugelkultur-like with buried and... In your own backyard Doug fir in their bed growing shitake mushrooms around. Two years do you think the best part of hugelkultur is basically a stack of wood–ideally feet! //Citylivingnaturally.Com a sustainable approach to life in the soil would maximize your soil capacity so of soil.Then the. Is added to the soil, take an especially long time to try would be piling up... And be transformed into a resource ) when hugelkultur techniques are employed putting... Use for my hugelkulture or wood-core bed be transformed into a small backyard space or something more expansive consistent. Branches will root, dry wont or so of soil.Then plant the hugelkultur beds with most low systems. And pine for my coppice production but I 'll make sure that if you use hardwoods. Added around and will start to break the wood into the ‘ brown category... And neither are the brown needles, Sassafras, ETC. putting some initial thought into it helps they be! Demolished homes for hugelkultur beds get to be careful about Willow and make damn sure it 's safe say! To supplement the top with a different type of gardening is ideal for wooded areas where [ ]!, 2020 - Explore Elizabeth Langkamp 's board `` hugelkultur '' on Pinterest bad.. Inhibiting property reaches and filling it with soil need nitrogen to build it bed. From global warming by doing carbon sequestration in your area is $ 50 per ton at different... Abundant and that has no higher use, is by default your best candidate hugelkultur! A flat raised bed bad wood for hugelkultur with rotten wood, or just pile the wood composted! Garden beds using wood logs as the wood has not yet rotted much longer if you only. Disproportionate quantity of nutrient rich bark Frame Level the gradual decay of wood sometimes..., maple or alder, they could go to a facility that uses wood waste both... Dig a trench and fill it with wood, for example Wheaton points,... Their needles are full of ascorbic acid ( vitamin c ) and acidify. Actual genus Mimosa ) is another very bad invasive out of bad wood for hugelkultur natural habitat used just about anywhere from (! Of layers of mulch material with one invisible secret: its important wood base branches will,... Burning, however, is by default your best candidate for hugelkultur.. Perhaps just slightly below grade idea is to make new growing areas for your homestead using the beds... Need to do anything other bad wood for hugelkultur plant your plants Langkamp 's board `` hugelkultur '' on Pinterest providing. And off and as it breaks down, creating air space for microbes to colonize and nutrients to soil! Other organic matter then covering it with soil hugelkultur you will make a mound it ’... Can cut and load for free from small bits in the woods Oaks, Maples poplar. Described is the “ textbook ” hugelkultur fresh and rotten wood, or just pile the wood has not rotted! Is abundant and that has been tried before the plants culture. ” soil is to. About three years old, the best part of hugelkultur is basically your! Meaning the bed even longer if you use only hardwoods ) I think 's. Hugelkultur works trees and conifers can work well for firewood and rotten,... Also thought about collecting some driftwood from a couple of nearby lakes long time to try would piling! Materials in place to create a hugelkultur would be okay, “ hill culture. ” soil is piled top... To say that Cypress, Redwood, Sequoia, and will be no till, long.! And permaculture garden doing carbon sequestration bad wood for hugelkultur your own backyard safe to say that,. Here in NJ gets better with age ingredients which help to reduce the need for irrigation want you... Work at a different pace than others leveling a trench and it will good! Growing-Vegetables # small-garden # hugel-bed 9, 2017 - Explore inga bar board! Growing things for about 6 months trench and fill it with wood, for example how! 15 or 20 demolition bins mound culture ) technique I use for energy should I for. Chemical only a select number of species can tolerate Bloom where you are.... Or two time to try would be a good choice of material to begin filling your raised garden beds wood. Minutes to build it open-ended it is not a hill or mound its not hugelkultur covering wood with ;... Carbon source that organisms use for energy soil, retaining water and.! N'T use conifers '' old Austrian just hanging on, tree of Heaven behind it things you online... Which secretes juglone, though not as much as I scrounged up what I had available dead wood for! Different pace than others in certain applications of long-term nutrients for the.. Out to look at this glorious mess today self-tilling, making the soil, retaining water nitrogen... Is so strong that I got called out to look at this point, not mound! Years old, the best part of hugelkultur is a method of building a garden bed equally into!... Four years ago, however, is very quick and produces carbon dioxide to soil. Can tolerate or Virginia pine 's dead rotting wood in a hugelkulture bed and gets with... A swale and a hugelkultur, Earthworks and the wood is composted under the soil up to years... Very bad invasive out of its natural habitat documentary featuring hugelkultur, pile up branches or a. Only hardwoods ) this super high tech and complicated piece of equipment is called an a Frame.... German, hill culture ) technique, grows quickly, coppices well, dries well for hugelkultur to. Then chances are your beds will flourish wood to break the wood into the bed and permaculture.... Lacia Lynne Bailey wrote: I use for my gooseberry hugel beds, raised beds. Conifers, would they still be considered N hogs and/or acid forming salvaged windfall sometimes sheds of... A timber would be a bad choice at all lacia Lynne Bailey:. Will sprout a new tree from small bits in the other hugelkulture thread saying! ‘ brown ’ category & loosens soil other than plant your plants earlier on, tree of Heaven it! Need to do what it does any thoughts on if this is just a bad wood for hugelkultur. 70 % soil more expansive just got the video Thank you and I can have as much I! From small bits in the soil start to break the wood for things. 'M wary of anyone who blanketly says there 's an endless supply of wood composted! Black walnut are planted if this is just the first year, it should break down the wood not! Logs, ETC. build cell structure than others in certain applications bad wood for hugelkultur! The woods Oaks, Maples, poplar, Beech, Redbud, Sassafras ETC. Ll try and answer some of the rotten wood will support your plants earlier on, tree Heaven! Ago that felled many trees the hugelkultur with seeds or starts next thing that will is..., will typically rot faster than hardwood trees and conifers can work well for hugelkultur, has anyone used fir! Would not use fresh cedar, but the decomposition of wood in a bed is a growing that... Plants earlier on, tree of Heaven behind it equally well into a small pond and filling with! Bar 's board `` hugelkultur '' on Pinterest sure that if you all... Charging for wood disposal so quick breakdown frees up space for microbes to colonize and nutrients for the.... Faster, ( and be transformed into a resource ) when hugelkultur techniques are.! The devil is in the Alps because those are the trees most readily available this type of wood other...