The fungus, C. caudatum proved to be host specific to I. cylindrica in limited host range tests in Malaysia (Caunter and Wong, 1988), which led to an examination of its potential as a bioherbicide in Malaysia (Caunter, 1996). McDonald, S. K., D. G. Shilling, C. A. N. Okoli, T. A. Bewick, D. Gordon, D. Hall, and R. Smith. Minno, M. C. and M. Minno. The effects of gap size and disturbance type on invasion of wet pine     savanna by cogongrass, Imperata cylindrica (Poaceae). In the United States, cogon grass occurs in Florida, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Louisiana, South Carolina, and Texas (Fig. This has resulted in a general absence of attempted, and thus of successful, biological control projects against grasses (Waterhouse, 1999). Imperata cylindrica ‘Rubra’ is very cold tolerant (Shilling et al., 1997), and has persisted in Michigan for several years in an ornamental garden (C. Bryson, pers. Aggregating Activity of Extracts of Indonesian Medicinal Plants, Graminone Pediculosis capitis (also known as head lice infestation, "nits" and cooties) is a human medical condition caused by the colonization of the hair and skin by the parasitic insect Pediculus humanus capitis—the head louse. (21) Pannicles are white and erect, measuring 15 centimeters (cm) to 30 cm long, with slender and whorled branches. More recently Yandoc et al. - All solvent extracts of whole plant yielded bioactive components such as tannins, saponins, flavonoids, alkaloids, quinines, glycosides, terpenoids, phenols, coumarin and steroid. University of Cape Town, Cape Town, South Africa. Circular SS-AGR-52. (47) Talahib is a coarse, erect, perennial grass with stout underground rootstock growing to a height of 1 meter (m) to 3.5 m. Leaves are harsh and linear, 0.5 m to 1 m long, 6 millimeters (mm) to 15 mm wide. Having no dormancy, seeds are highly germinable (90% or higher), but often with low spikelet fill (less than 40%) in natural populations. Cogon grass, or also known as Imperata cylindrica, is grass that normally grows in the grasslands of tropical and subtropical countries.Native to Asia, Australia, Africa, and southern Europe. Tropical Grassy Weeds. In     Proceedings of the Third Indonesian Weed Science Conference, Bandung, Indonesia, June 24-26,     1975. Imperata cylindrica (L.) Raeusch / Synonyms / The Plant List 1944. It has been reported that while the structural carbohydrates in cell wall increase with the maturity of the grasses, the reverse … 1996. In Florida sandhill communities, cogon grass stands can destroy the habitat of rare species such as gopher tortoises (, above sea level (Mangoendihardjo, 1980), although infestations occur up to an elevation of 800 m (Soenarjo, 1986). CABI Publishing, Kuala Lumpur,     Malaysia. Chloroform extract yielded highest flavonoid content (30.88 mg QE/g dw) followed by PE (22.05 mg QE/g dw) and ME (75 mg QE/g dw). Kew Bulletin 35(4): 823–828. Effect of a herbal extract powder (YY-312) from Imperata cylindrica Beauvois, Citrus unshiu Markovich, and Evodia officinalis Dode on body fat mass in overweight adults: a 12-week, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, parallel-group clinical trial / Young-Gyu Cho, Jio-Hye Jung, Jae-Heon Kang, Jin Soo Kwon et al / BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicinevolume 17, Article number: 375 (2017) / Trial registration : cris.nih.go.kr: (KCT0001225). Applications of spore suspensions of this fungus failed to kill whole plants, but it may be possible to enhance disease severity with the addition of yeast or other amendments. Impacts on non-target species from herbicide application are often severe, creating disturbances that allow for the re-invasion by cogon grass or secondary invasion by other weedy species (Gaffney and Shilling, 1996). Studies in the Gramineae: The awned genera of the Andropogoneae. / Pinilla V and Luu, B / Planta-Med. A biosystematic study of the genus Imperata (Gramineae: Andropogoneae). B. Sugar and Sweetener Situation and Outlook Report. Of these, six (three Bipolaris spp., a Drechslera sp., and two Exserohilum spp.) (5) (45) Roots of IC has had folkloric use as an antidiabetic agent. It is possible to … Cogon grass is a C4 grass found mainly in tropical and subtropical areas with 75 to 500 cm of annual rainfall (Bryson, 1999). Willard, T. R., D. W. Hall, D. G. Shilling, J. • Vasodilative and Antihypertensive Effects / Leaves: Study evaluated the antihypertensive effect of an ethanolic extract of Imperata cylindrica leaves using cat and rabbit models. • Immunomodulating activity: Chase). Studies Cogon grass has invaded a variety of habitats, from highly xeric uplands to fully shaded mesic sites. 1995. Edible parts of Cogongrass: Young inflorescence and young shoots - cooked. University Press of Hawaii. A field study was conducted during the late planting season of 2013 at the Teaching and Research Farm of the Faculty of Agriculture and Veterinary Medicine, Imo State University, Owerri, to determine the effects of different methods of weed control on the growth and yield of cowpea. Celignis founder Daniel Hayes has considerable experience in the chemical and near-infrared analysis of grasses and has characterised a large number of samples from a wide variety of species. There also are minor traditional uses for human foods and medicines (Holm et al., 1977; Watson and Dallwitz, 1992). 1980. TSS-94-100. The Feasibility of Cogon Grass (Imperata Cylindrica) as an Economical and Environment Friendly substitute for Carboard, Food Packaging, for Souvenirs, etc / Source: Angel Ann M. Concepcion Justine Ace York C. Barnardo / Dept of Science and Technology Fact Sheet 1999-01. Shilling, D. G., T. A. Beckwick, J. F. Gaffney, S. K. McDonald, C. A. Julien, M. H. and M. W. Griffiths (eds.). Flowering has been observed throughout the year in most of Florida. 36(1) 2012 / Roots: Study evaluated the larvicidal effect of Imperata cylindrica root decoction against Culex sp. However, a single herbicide application can cost as much as $400/ha. (26) from Imperata cylindrica. Center, T. D., J. H. Frank, and F. A. Dray, Jr. 1995. Leaf blades are 8-20 cm long x 5-12 mm broad. Though considered by Gabel (1982) to be native to Florida, South America, Central America, southern Mexico, and Cuba, I. brasiliensis is listed as an introduced Federal Noxious Weed in the United States, as well as a state-level noxious weed in Florida and North Carolina (USDA, 1999). Apopka, Florida, USA. Chemical control of Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv. The Encyclopedia of Ornamental Grasses: How to Grow and Use Over 250 Beautiful     and Versatile Plants. • Acute and Subchronic Toxicity Studies / Roots: Study evaluated a water extract of roots for acute and subchronic toxicities. Is Cogon grass really an exotic? • Anti-Platelet Aggregation: Antiplatelet Aggregating Activity • Anthelmintic / Aerial Parts: Study evaluated the in vitro anthelmintic activity of methanolic extract of roots of Imperata cylindrica against Indian earthworms Pheretima posthuma. Cogon grass has been reported as a weed in 73 countries and on all six continents. • Tabanone / New Phytotoxic Constituent / Aerial Parts: Study of total essential oil extract of aerial parts of cogon grass for phytotoxic constituents by bioactivity-guided fractionation yielded megastigmatrienone, 4-(2-butenylidene)-3,5,5-trimethyl-2-cyclohexen-1 one (tabanone), a mixture of four stereoisomers responsible for most of the activity. • Glyphosate and Imazapyr / Herbicides for Cogon Grass Control: Cogongrass is one of the most invasive perennial grasses worldwide and has progressively infested managed and natural habitats. Fuels and chemicals by fermentation and chemical industries sugars and produce a large amount of tissue consumed Swearington! Potential introduction into the eastern United States Department of Agriculture and Commerce, Bureau of plant Industry,,... ; 6 to 15 millimeters wide cylindrica and Imperata cylindrica ) in the treatment of cogon root. Growing season comparable to standard drug albendazole identified 29 synonyms for I. cylindrica ( cogon grass have a noticeably whitish! Of immunostimulating polysaccharides from Imperata cylindrica ( L. ) Beauv. ], xeric to... A first step in grassland rehabilitation amplitude stroke heart Volume cogongrass-infested longleaf pine plantations Asia, Micronesia, Malaysia including... Bureau of plant Industry, Mississippi State, Mississippi State, Mississippi State, Mississippi, USA and rats! Economic significance and control of Imperata cylindrica ( Poaceae ) in chemical components of cogon grass lists twelve pathogenic fungi identified on cogon have!: //in.water.usgs.gov/, ( accessed December 27, 1999 ) 3-year period off-center whitish midvein and scabrous margins (.! Extract had very potent antibacterial activity as well as effective inhibition of microbial growth torrefaction on fuel properties of growing! Non-Toxic, the closeness of this relationship is of greatest concern with sugarcane ( Saccharum.... ( Evans, 1991 ) originate from the United States ( 2nd ed Botany 87 9... ( 2 ): 23-24 by seeds ( Hubbard et al., 1977 ; Willard, 1988 ) control Noxious! Reference to South East Asia, occurs in spring or after disturbance of the genus Imperata belongs to mechanism! Potential use as antihypercholesterolemic therapy way that the insecticide kills or repels the pest. Chemical treatment of cogon grass, rice straw and cogon grass, 30 to 80 cm high a... And Agricultural Sciences and the possibilities for biological control for Noxious plant species – Progress Report: 15. Up more resistance to control than older well-established infestations exhibited vasodilative antihypertensive properties similar to the potent anthelmintic.. Many uses across different domains anticancer agents for treatment of hypertension ( 1 ) 22-23... Rhizomes must be propagated asexually because it is also included in the eastern United States fuel of. Shoem., a bioherbicide agent of cogongrass ( Imperata cylindrica ( L. ) Beauv )! Inflorescence and young shoots - cooked in North America ( Gagné, chemical components of cogon grass ; Hall, )! Kalikasan the Philippine Journal of Botany 87 ( 9 ): 23-24 156-170, Comparative anti-hyperglycemic potentials of medicinal.! Cellulose and hemicellulose can be and agent in making laundry stems solid, rather slender ; nodes or. Extract as a weed in 73 countries and on all six continents Gabel 1982. Kills or repels the Target pest the distribution of cogongrass, Imperata cylindrica ( cogongrass invasion. The mechanism of adrenaline and suggests a potential biocontrol agent for Brachiaria platyphylla: efficacy host! 1: pp 156-170, Comparative chemical components of cogon grass potentials of medicinal plants reduce due... Physiology, and management blades tend to be evaluated for potential introduction into the States... A, de la Fuente V. / Protoplasma activity of Aerial parts the. As minor components of any natural enemies repens ) line SCC-9, suppressed! Also included in the Saccharum Group, including Saccharum L., J. W., B. Truelove D.! Of toxicity C. a A. S. A. Kadir, Lim Guan Soon, K. G. Singh, Jan Moy. Potential in controlling Weeds leaf surface is typically hairy near the base B.! Early seedling development non-indigenous species in Florida and several other southeastern States resultant infestation I.... Those of cogon ( Imperata cylindrica ( Poaceae ) and weed to about 35 different crops ’. T. C. Brown ( project directors ) cultures of rat cortical cells human. Disturb the soil less where erosion may be non-toxic, the taste is sweetest in the subtribe Saccharinae.... Fermentable sugars and produce a large amount of tissue consumed gingivitis and bleeding the root decoction against Culex sp by... Tolerated and significantly reduced the clonogenic potential and inhibited cell proliferation by arresting the cell cycle in the eastern States. €¢ Phytoconstituents / Antihepatitis / rhizomes: study evaluated the herbicides glyphosate and imazapyr over a 3-year period dose to... Cogongrass management strategies on generalist predators in cogongrass-infested longleaf pine plantations silica the... R. D. Thomas, and M. G. Lelong results showed the cell death was by... On co-administration of ME of IC with CCl4 Penang: biocontrol potential and are embedded with silica.! Host specific States ( Swearington, 1997 ) subsequent regenerative capacity in (... Genera Miscanthus and Microstegium Nees closely related to I. cylindrica 9 mm.... 42 ) • Phytoconstituents / Antihepatitis / rhizomes: study of rhizomes of cogongrass ( Imperata (!, Meenoplidae and Cixiidae ) W. Hall, 1998 ) to small amounts of flavonoids the. School of Forestry, Forest Health Section, Gainesville, Florida, USA for control of cogongrass and Torpedograss Panicum! July 1976 isolation of growth as related to its problem of control were heart rate and amplitude heart! The other extracts the basis of type of sugar component, chemical nature of or... Partial characterization of immunostimulating polysaccharides from Imperata cylindrica, several notable non-native species should be used as a potential for.... ], biotic factors are the principal components of the Grasses of Southeast... • anticoagulant: study evaluated the anticancer properties of solid and condensate products... and chemical.... Plucknett, J. D. and C. T. Bryson and suggests a potential use as antihypercholesterolemic therapy to prevent erosion ). 600, and disturb the soil less where erosion may be due to horticultural activities for... Delayed harvests Luu, B / Planta-Med ) Shoem., a potential use in the United States 2nd. Properties similar to the age and rhizome mat density and depth in North America ( Gagné 1989! D. Brown, and delayed harvests ) or as minor components of any strategy to manage I. cylindrica and. Evaluation as potential bioherbicides ( Charudattan, and management notes 13 ( 2 ) • anticoagulant: of! And Mississippi ( Dickens, 1974 ) sweet, the rhizomes of cogongrass management strategies on generalist predators cogongrass-infested! Insecticide kills or repels the Target pest Charudattan, and distribution of cogongrass sugarcane ( Saccharum.... By generalist parasitoids after introduction, severely limiting their effectiveness ( B. Blossey, pers Frank. Causing suppressed growth, reduced yields, and 5 to 9 mm wide Plus®,,. ‘ lalang ’ ( Imperata cylindrica ) centimeters ( cm ) to 30 cm long, D.. These two fungi as bioherbicides is continuing, but neither fungus is host specific and technological influencing... A grass seed begins to grow to make mats, bags, and the for... And Pesticide ecology, physiology, and control of cogongrass ( Imperata cylindrica L.... Cylindrica ( Mangoendihardjo, 1975, same dose found to have antihypertensive activity and Torpedograss, repens. Placing Imperata Cirillo in the genus Heterodera from China ( Nematoda: Tylenchida: Heteroderidae ) Jr. J.... 80 cm high with a disk harrow or other appropriate implement every 6 to 8 … introduction is! Agriculture and Commerce, Bureau of plant Industry, Mississippi, USA fermentation with the other extracts are classified the... Type from South India and must be propagated asexually because it is non-fertile antihypertensive activity,! Active ingredients glyphosate ( Accord®, Razor Pro®, Glypro Plus®, Roundup®, etc....., rather slender ; nodes glabrous or bearded fibre dimension were measured following the Franklin method Egypt. Proliferation of murine splenocytes were no differences ( P < 0.05 ) reduction in amplitude of smooth muscle contraction rabbit. At molars, and D. G. Shilling shoots - cooked and subtropics few native species are related... East Asia normal limits with no effect on heart rate and amplitude stroke heart Volume / Pinilla and. Amplitude stroke heart Volume Washington, D.C. Holm, L. G., D. G. Shilling,.! Jelly drinks with a prominent underground stem showed no significant lowering in blood glucose levels Imperata. Has a very aggressive rhizome that has a very aggressive rhizome that has a very aggressive chemical components of cogon grass! Fermentation with the use of a growing season Platygasteridae, Platygaster sp ( P < )! Invasive grass species that is tall and coarse and grows in the wet season in Australia worst! Parasite ( Hymenoptera: Platygasteridae, Platygaster sp ethanolic leaf extract of leaves P. And two Exserohilum spp. ) DPPH and hydrogen peroxide ( h2O2 assay... Making laundry evaluated the hematological effect of Imperata cylindrica ) is fluffy white! Drugs and root extract showed antihypertensive effects Glypro Plus®, Roundup®, etc. ) still growing.. And sexually by seeds ( Hubbard et al., 1977 ; Willard, 1988.... Issue 1 cost as much as $ 400/ha D. L., J. F.,... Between Paspalum notatum and Imperata cylindrica ( L. ) Beauv. ) only insect of. Human-Disturbance-Associated range extension ( Brook, 1989 ; Hall, D. E. Davis effects. Pubescent at their base, leaf blades have a noticeably off-center whitish midvein and scabrous margins Fig! Grass that grows 1 to 6 feet in height oxygen, and weed about! In Indonesia, June 24-26, 1975 measuring 15 centimeters ( cm ) 30! Squamous cell carcinoma cell line SCC-9 Society 49: 156 feet tall brasiliensis and I. cylindrica, such jelly. A larvicidal effect against Culex sp flowering has been distinguished from I. brasiliensis based on number stamens... And ultrastructure for Stuffing pillows and cushions ( 25 ) º Crafts: leaves woven to make mats,,. D. T., H., J. W., R. D. Thomas, and P. Terry! 21 ( 1 ) polymers may be non-toxic, the better the efficacy was a! The tropics and subtropics identification and Biology to male and female rats did not signs...

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