(Source: Intellectual Disabilities in Your Classroom: 9 Tips for Teachers). Need for immediate gratification. Sounds familiar? Calling the elementary school in your neighborhood is an excellent place to start. These strategies will empower you to help young people with intellectual disabilities … General education. Supplementary aids and services. Here are a few modifications for students with an intellectual disability that will help them to learn better. An intellectual disability is usually seen as occurring if the problem has existed during childhood, rather than happening later in life. Demonstrate the steps. This related to the most frequently identified resource needed, which was the need for more planning time. You can’t catch an intellectual disability from anyone. There is no cure for intellectual disabilities. The IFSP will also emphasize the unique needs of the family, so that parents and other family members will know how to help their young child with intellectual disability. Social skills should be taught much like a teacher would instruct students about addition or identifying verbs--it should be addressed very often with direct instruction. Students with intellectual disabilities often have trouble with social skills, which can make it difficult for them to interact appropriately with their peers and become involved in the social activities going on at school. A situation, which may be difficult or confusing for the student, is described concretely. There is a range of inclusive teaching strategies that can assist all students to learn but there are some specific strategies that are useful in teaching a group which includes students with intellectual disability: 1. Reichow & Volkmar, 2010; Wong et al., 2014), little is known if teachers use these strategies with students with ASD and students with ID. They are also often a target for bullying, which simply cannot be allowed. To access special education services for a school-aged child in your area, get in touch with your local public school system. 1. But let’s save criticizing the movie some other time. Social skills impairments of students with ASD and students with ID should be addressed by teachers using evidence-based strategies (Individuals with Disabilities Education Act, 2004; National Research Council, 2001). Research has shown that social skills can be taught to students with disabilities — particularly those with nonverbal deficits — as long as educators teach skills directly and use a structured approach … Have the student do the steps, one at a time. It’s important that students with intellectual disabilities be involved in, and make progress in, the general education curriculum. 2. Medicines must be kept out of reach. Ideally, there should be at least 1 teacher for every 3 children with intellectual disabilities. The social skills taught are individualized to the needs of the students in the group. Teachers and parents can help a child work on these skills at both school and home. Try practicing the three R’s: Provide social skills … Provide assistance, as necessary. If you are feeling overwhelmed and cannot relate to the student it is OK to stop the lesson and resume when both student and teacher can handle the lesson pace. They repeatedly practice proper social interactions in a step-by-step manner. These children require additional support and guidance as they work on their activities. Local contracts. While several evidence-based strategies that address social skills have been identified in research (e.g. The next research questions examined teachers' use of certain social skills strategies, the location, time, and frequency of use of the strategies, and the effectiveness of the strategies. Finally, research question eight examined student and teacher factors that are predictive of the students' social skills. The Circles Curriculum. This includes learning disabilities, … sit up, crawl, or walk later than other children; learn to talk later, or have trouble speaking. Just like Jenny, Lt. Dan, and Mrs. Gump in Forrest’s life. Five ways to incorporate intellectual disability strategies into your classroom. Along with remarkable quotes we can still remember to today was Tom Hanks convincing portrayal of the main character. The IEP is developed by the student’s parents and school personnel—and, often, the student, too. In fact, 7% of the children who need special education have some form of intellectual disability. It’s extremely important for families and schools to begin planning early for the student’s transition into the world of adulthood. Immediately providing feedback helps the students make a connection between their answers, behaviors, or questions and the information you’re presenting as the teacher. However, most children with an intellectual disability can learn to do many things. Be aware that IDEA does not permit a student to be removed from education in age-appropriate general education classrooms solely because he or she needs modifications to be made in the general education curriculum. Kemp, Kalli Ann. This study found that the majority of teachers reported that they taught social skills, and special education teachers seemed to be more likely to teach social skills than general education teachers. Full-time. 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