Cogongrass is an aggressive, rhizomatous, perennial grass that is distributed throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. It is a warm-season, perennial grass species with an extensive rhizome root system. With tons of cogon grass decomposing after being cut, turning it into a significant element for construction is something to be considered. Cogon grass can be tough to kill. Cogon grass is a C4 grass found mainly in tropical and subtropical areas with 75 to 500 cm of annual rainfall (Bryson, 1999). UK-GrassBase-The Online World Grass Flora (IMCY) UK-Plants For A Future (IMCY) USDA APHIS-Federal Noxious Weed Disseminules of the U.S. (IMCY) USDA FS Southern Research Station (IMCY) USDA FS-Field Guide To The Identification of Cogongrass (IMCY) … Jacqueline Ruñez,Jayniffer Joy Villanueva, and Armand Torrente. nvestigatory Projects Example Cogon Grass Cardboard Food Packaging The feasibility of cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) as a substitute for cardboard food packaging was studied in this research project. Maintenance of the Postabsorptive Plasma Glucose Concentration: Insulin or Insulin Plus Glucagon?. Calamagrostis lagurus Koel. For the USA, simply head over to the EDDMapS website, create a login, and report the grass. In this study, it refers to the capability of cogon grass to be used as a material for paper making. Cogongrass usually invades open areas like golf courses, roadsides, pastures, and natural areas where it displaces native plant species. It is extremely difficult to eradicate once established. To investigate and compare the quality of papers that are made of durian rinds, pineapple leaves and cogon grass combined with recycled papers based on the absorption of water. “The findings provide a ray of hope for actually eradicating cogongrass,” says Miller. 1. Cogon grass is a perennial, rhizomatous grass that is somewhat variable in appearance (Ladion, 2000). genuine Hack (1889) “Cogongrass grows mainly by extending rhizomes, which are like creeping rootstalks,” says Jim Miller, emeritus Forest Service Southern Research Station (SRS) … Biology New York: Mcgraw-hill Co.,Inc., 2003. The researchers refer to it as “Cogoflex,” a name derived from the combination of Cogon Grass & Hardieflex. British Medical Association A-Z family Health Encyclopedia Great Britain: 1999. Cogongrass currently occupies an estimated 66,000 forested acres in the U.S. South. “I consulted on experimental design, but Erwin Chambliss, senior technician with the SRS Restoring Longleaf Pine Ecosystems unit, did the heavy lifting for SRS, digging and separating rhizome samples in the field during the hot Alabama summer,” notes Miller. (6). Imperata cylindrica Cogon grass Introduced through the Port of Mobile in 1912 as packing material used in shipping, this salt tolerant east Asian grass spreads rapidly in disturbed areas, and replaces native grasses and plants in habitats ranging from sand dunes to pine savannahs and swamps. Cogon grass was then found to be unsuitable for forage and its ability to rapidly spread and displace desirable vegetation outweighed any soil erosion control considerations. The taskforce encourages citizens to report cogongrass occurrences and treats every infestation reported in the state, respraying as needed until the spots are negative for cogongrass for three years and receive “eradicated” status. Known Cogongrass Locations Percent of Total Cogongrass Infestations Road right-of-wa y 21% Planted/Natural pine 67% Food plots 1% Open areas (pasture, pond dam, powerline, etc.) 5. Making paper using cogon grass is a way to productively use the invasive weed. The seed head is … Young infestations are usually easier to control than older well-established infestations. . In fact, at least 60% of the total plant biomass is often found below the soil surface. Cogongrass is non-nativeto the United States. Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrical L.), belongs to the Poaceae (Gramineae) grass Famil y and also name as jap grass, blady grass, spear grass, alang-alang and l alang. 3. Flowers on the Forest Floor: Herbaceous Contributions to Ecosystem Processes. Agriculture residues or non-wood annual plants are good potential fibre resource for pulp and paper making. Camacho, Joanne Cinderella Calixto,Rener De Jesus,Windelbert Jormay,Ma. This effort confirms the hope that a weed that’s consumed millions of dollars in control efforts – and millions more in the economic and ecological consequences of cogongrass infestations – can indeed be eradicated in Georgia. Experimental Biochemistry Basic Concepts and Selected Techniques Philippines: U.P Manila, 1981. Cogon grass is a tall (2-5 ft.) perennial grass with bright yellowy-green foliage. The leaf blades have a midvein which is clearly offset to one side, and serrated (toothed) edges. Non-native plants threaten the native organisms in an area. . This rough margin can cut the tongue of a grazing animal, and due to high silica content, cogongrass is a useless forage crop.” There are acres and acres of invasive cogongrass across the South. While group c given a 0.3cc of the extract showed an average increased of +15.6. In related news, the Georgia Forestry Commission’s Cogongrass Taskforce recently announced that for the first time since the Forest Service Southern Region’s Forest Health Program began funding cogongrass control in Georgia in 2004, there are more dead cogongrass spots in the state than new areas of cogongrass being reported. ), is a very aggressive exotic perennial grass that entered Alabama in 1911 in packing material from Japan. One of the goals of the research is to utilize wastes like dried cogon grass that (2000). 1977). The optimum increase in the fasting blood glucose level was noted in group B which was given with 0.2cc of the cogon grass root extract the increase was +22.6 mg. /dl. Over the past decade, U.S. Forest Service researchers have been working with university cooperators to find some way to slow down or stop the relentless spread of cogongrass. (1802) Imperata allang Jungh. “Land managers now have a clear option in fighting this noxious weed.”. While it is not illegal to possess this plant in Texas, it should not be introduced into new water bodies and should be treated with herbicide when present. /dl. The objective of this study is to determine the suitability of cogon grass as an alternative fibre for pulp and paper making by analysing its chemical and… There are many reasons why cogongrass is such a prolific invader. In this study, cogon grass was made as a material in paper making. Us Pharmacist. Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv. The initial tillage should begin in the spring (March through May) with an implement that inverts the soil to a depth of at least 6 inches. Research Background During the durian season, durian rinds accumulate in high piles as vendors usually remove the rinds for buyers' convenience. The rhizomes are hard, scaly, and cream-colored with sharply pointed tips. For more information, email Jim Miller at [email protected] Cogongrass first appeared in the area around Grand Bay, Alabama as an escape from … This federally regulated noxious weed grows rapidly, reducing forest productivity, harming wildlife habitat and ecosystems, and encroaching on pastures and hayfields. Cogongrass is in a class of its own. They may alter the food chain and/or push their native competitors out of the area. Retrieved from: 7. Cogon weed is not native to America but spread from the accidental introduction of the seed from Japanese packing materials in the early 1900s. Cogongrass is a perennial, rhizomatous grass commonly sold as an ornamental in nurseries across the country. Is this document is available for online request or room use only? Raven , Peter H., Johnson, George B.. In this study, it was the process of making paper from rice straw and cogon grass. 7% The study found that although responses of cogongrass to the treatments varied by location, 36 months after the initial treatment cogongrass shoot and rhizomes were completely eliminated and 100 percent visual control achieved at both locations using several combinations of herbicide treatments and timing. Many land managers actively and aggressively manage cogongrass and Auburn University researchers have been working on solutions for cogongrass for … The cogon grass was cut, boiled, and crushed in order to get the pulp. It is very invasive plant that should not be propagated. Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica) forms a dense mat and produces plenty of leaves that make it…show more content… Paper making is the process of making paper, a substance which is used ubiquitously today for writing and packaging (Elliot, 1995). This last fall, Auburn University researchers reported results that demonstrate, for the first time, that patches of cogongrass can be eliminated completely within three years — showing that eradication of the invasive plant is actually possible for many land managers. Leaf margins are finely toothed and are embedded with silica crystals. cogon grass; Other Scientific Names. 2. (2006, November 30). Herbs That Affect Blood Glucose Levels. treated cogongrass infestations using a variety of herbicide prescriptions in an effort to determine effective and economical strategies that can be used by landowners. As the USDA reports: “ (cogongrass) leaf margins are rough to the touch due to tiny, saw-like serrations, a common trait of other grasses as well. Cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv. (). Jacqueline Ruñez,Jayniffer Joy Villanueva, and Armand Torrente. (1840) Imperata angolensis Fritsch (1901) Imperata arundinacea Cyr. In its ornamental form it poses little threat to native flora, but it can easily become invasive if given the right conditions (excessive shade, water, well-drained soil). cogongrass invades; it quickly displaces desirable species and requires intensive management. Evans, H. N., Long, J. It has become established in the southeastern United States within the last fifty years, with Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida having extensive acreage of roadway and pasture infested with cogongrass. "The effect of, Natural Science Department - Our Lady of Fatima University, Biology Department - Our Lady of Fatima University, College of Arts and Sciences - Our Lady of Fatima University. Cogongrass is an invasive exotic grass found on public and private property, along roadways, in forests, and on farmland. Ranked the seventh worst weed in the world, it grows on every continent except Antarctica and is particularly destructive to the ecological structure of forests and natural areas, where the weed can literally take over understories. In the United States, it is naturalized in Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississip… Cogon grass reproduces asexually by rhizomes and sexually by seeds (Hubbard et al., 1944). Native to Southeast Asia, cogongrass is an aggressive invasive plant that that has spread to all continents except Antarctica (MacDonald 2004) and is considered among the worst problematic weeds on a global scale (Holm et al. This study determined the effect of Imperata Cylindrica cogon grass root extract on the blood glucose level of Mus Musculis. Estimated to spread 800 acres a year, cogongrass could infest 100,000 forested acres by 2060. “Cogongrass grows mainly by extending rhizomes, which are like creeping rootstalks,” says Jim Miller, emeritus Forest Service Southern Research Station (SRS) researcher who helped with the study. In Florida alone, it has spread to more than a million acres. Cogon grass is a perennial, rhizomatous grass that grows from 2 to over 4 feet in height. And since cogon grass is a major problem of land owners, the researchers thought that if the cogon grass will be proven to be an effective chelating agent, it will finally be useful. Retrieved from: 6. For example, in the Philippines, cultural values suck as bahala na, mañiana habit, ningas cogon, and other similar values are not conducive to economic developments. For the recently published study, researchers established a field study in two locations in southwestern Alabama where they applied herbicide treatments —  glyphosate, imazapyr, and a mixture of both —  in May, August, or October for three consecutive years. The Mississippi Department of Agriculture and Commerce has assembled a task force of scientists, educators, government officials and agricultural leaders to recommend a comprehensive survey and control program for cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica) before the invasive weed overtakes pastures, forestland, wildlife habitats and landscapes in the state. The leaves are about an inch wide, have a prominent white midrib, and end in a sharp point. Imperata cylindrica is the most morphologically variable species in … Although ash content in cogon grass is the highest, the value is still at the low end of the range (0 – 20%) in non-wood characterization study by Rowell et al. Reporting Cogon bloodgrass in the United States. What is Cogongrass? Cogon grass (Imperata cylindrica). The effect of the extract (0.1cc, 0.2cc, 0.3cc) was given subcutaneously and noted for 24 hours. Management of cogongrass invasions in perennial grass pastures requires diligence and patience at the same time. europea Andersson (1855) Imperata arundinacea var. "Fatima University Research Journal, … Older stands put down deeper roots and can put up more resistance to control methods. A.. "The detrus Cylcls in theRat and it’s Associated Phenomena", 8. Perform additional tillage with a disk harrow or other appropriate implement every 6 to 8 … Source: USDA Agricultural Research Service, Bugwood.org Description. Laboratory Tests and Diagnostic Procedures Philadelphia: Saunders, (4), 4. “Cogongrass rhizomes are exceptionally aggressive, strong, and resistant to heat and water stress, making the plant a formidable and frustrating opponent.”. Cogongrass is an invasive species commonly found in pastures that is not going to go away on its own. For this reason as well, the cogon grass is unsuitable for the grazing animals. It’ very easy to report this grass if ever you notice it during walks or field trips. It’s classified as a noxious weed in Alabama, Florida, Georgia, Mississippi, South Carolina, Texas, and Virginia, where it is widely believed to be impossible to eradicate. Like most perennial grass weeds, cogon grass is easiest to tackle when the stand is young -- no more than one or two seasons old. "The effect of Imperata cylindrica (Cogon grass) root extract to the blood glucose level of Mus musculus (Swiss mice). )is a warm-season perennial grass species found throughout tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world (Hubbard 1944). This plant is not native to North America, but has naturalized in much of the United States. Not native to North America, but has naturalized in much of the extract an! 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