Switchgrass is a native warm season (NWS) perennial grass that is often grown as a forage crop, natural wildlife habitat, or, increasingly, as a bioenergy crop. Switchgrass quality is high and its palatability is good when young. Chosen as the 2014 Perennial Plant of the Year by The Perennial Plant Association. Switchgrass is categorized as either upland or lowland. Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) is a native perennial warm-season grass that is adapted as many ecotypes across North America.In Indiana, switchgrass was found in the Great Prairie when wildlife and the early settler’s livestock in this region used it as a forage resource. Additional details regarding production and harvesting can be found at Switchgrass for Biofuel Production. Switchgrass is a C 4 warm-season erect perennial grass native to North America, which at the beginning of the 1980s was selected as a potential energy crop for the United States (Wright and Turhollow, 2010).A decade later, switchgrass was also adopted “as an ideal biomass crop” by Europe (Christian and Riche, 2001), Canada (Samson et al., 2005), and China (Yue et al., … The blue-green foliage of species like Dallas Blue Switchgrass is what makes this plant a notable ornamental perennial. Aside from those already mentioned, switchgrass is a perennial grass and is an easily established and maintained renewable resource. Grazing usually must begin in June, when switchgrass is about a foot tall. It’s a perennial, native grass with wide-ranging adaptability across the U.S. Switchgrass tolerates low fertility, acidic, and moderately alkaline soils, meaning it could be grown in much of the U.S. and on a wide range of marginally productive lands, avoiding land competition with food crops. Switchgrass is a tall-growing, warm-season, perennial grass that is native to much of the United States including Virginia. Switchgrass is a perennial warm season grass that takes 3-5 years to fully establish. Upland types are typically shorter and generally found on upland sites with lower fertility and drier conditions. A thick stand of Switchgrass makes excellent winter and early spring wildlife cover because of its ability to remain in an upright position when covered with snow or ice. In late summer, tan, elegant flower heads sway 12-15 in. Yearlings often gain 1.5 to 2 lbs per day during this time. With respect to energy production, switchgrass as a crop sequesters carbon, therefore reducing atmospheric carbon dioxide content. Panicum virgatum, commonly known as switchgrass, is a perennial warm season bunchgrass native to North America, where it occurs naturally from 55°N latitude in Canada southwards into the United States and Mexico.Switchgrass is one of the dominant species of the central North American tallgrass prairie and can be found in remnant prairies, in native grass pastures, and naturalized along roadsides. Switchgrass also Switchgrass is a deep-rooted perennial. Switchgrass is one of the perennial herbaceous plants with high lignocellulose [7,8].According to several studies, switchgrass is regarded as a suitable cellulosic feedstock for producing ethanol considering its economic efficiency and net energy gain (NEG) according to several studies [].Schmer et al. The crop can have a large impact as demand for second generation fuels increases which require lignocellulosic biomass. Once switchgrass is established, its bunch-type growth habit makes it very competitive with weeds. Alamo is a vigorous, perennial bunch grass that grows throughout most of the United States. Switchgrass can grow to more than 10 ft tall and well-managed stands may last for decades. Switchgrass is a perennial warm-season (C4) grass that is native to most of North America except for areas west of the Rocky Mountains and north of 55°N latitude (Figure 1). Switchgrass grows best on well-drained soils with good moisture supply; however, it will grow on droughty or moderately wet soils and will tolerate occasional flooding. Switchgrass is used for a wide range of applications and has been notably mentioned as a possible source of biomass for fuels such as ethanol. It forms an erect, compact and narrow clump of steely blue-green foliage in spring, which quickly takes on red tones by early summer and turns violet, purple, burgundy and wine-red by early fall. Bold-colored ornamental grass adds color, texture and movement to the garden and landscapes. Although most of humanity is fed by the re-sowing of the seeds of annual grain crops, (either naturally or by the manual efforts of man), perennial crops provide numerous benefits. Switchgrass is a native, warm-season, perennial, tall grass that reproduces from seed and rhizomes. Usually attractive in the garden all winter long. “Every study has shown that by the second or third year of cultivating a perennial such as switchgrass, you very significantly reduce runoff of pesticides and nutrients compared with annual crops like corn,” says Lynn Wright, a former researcher at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory and now a consultant working on biofuels issues. Switchgrass is a perennial C4 grass propagated by seed that can be established at low cost and risc and requires very low inputs while giving high biomass yields even on marginal soils. Switchgrass grows 3 to 10 feet tall, typically as a bunchgrass, but the short rhizomes can form a sod over time. It is a major constituent of tall grass prairie in North America and is a valuable forage grass.… Drought tolerant once established. Switchgrass is a native warm-season perennial grass indigenous to Central and North American tall-grass prairies. Switchgrass takes as much as 2-3 years to reach a fully established, mature stand. Switchgrass (P. virgatum) is an erect tough perennial, 1 to 2 metres (about 3.3 to 6.6 feet) tall, that grows in clumps; its spikelets may be reddish. Switchgrass is a warm-season perennial grass native to most of the continental U.S. Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) is a vigorous warm season, native perennial grass adapted to Wisconsin and planted for many purposes including livestock grazing, wildlife cover, and as a biofuel crop.Switchgrass begins growth in late spring and continues through the summer if moisture is available. It is most commonly found in prairie lowlands, but will grow under wide range of climatic conditions. Because of its deep penetrating root system, it can handle drought periods better than most grasses and provides outstanding erosion control. There are a number of considerations regarding production methods. Performs well on a wide range of soils. Comparing winter greenhouse gas emissions in perennial bioenergy crops on marginally productive agricultural land in southern Ontario, Canada Introduction. Another spectacular winter interest plant is Switchgrass, which holds its shape and color even throughout the winter months. After seedheads emerge, though, nutrient levels decline rapidly and animals refuse to eat much of it. These roots are more than 3 meters long. Clumps are easily divided in spring. Fall colour is golden, fading to tan. Switchgrass is a native, perennial, warm-season, sod-forming tall grass. Perennial bioenergy crops—such as switchgrass, fountain grasses, silver grass, poplar, willow, eucalyptus, and locust—can be different. 3.1. The plant has above the foliage. Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum L.) is a perennial warm-season grass that resembles a bunchgrass, it spreads slowly by seeds and rhizomes. Cave-n-Rock switchgrass is a perennial, warm season native grass that grows an average of 3-5 feet tall, but in some regions, can reach up to 6 feet tall at maturity. A hardy perennial, the roadside and prairie grass is as ubiquitous as it is unassuming. It is highly adaptable to a wide range of soils and growing conditions. Cultivated appropriately, they can reduce emissions by 85 percent compared to corn ethanol. It’s one of the dominant species of the tallgrass prairie, and can grow up to six feet tall. Switchgrass is an upright-open vigorous perennial with numerous rhizomes. Switchgrass is a perennial grass native to North America. Because of its deep penetrating root system, it can handle drought periods better than most grasses and provides outstanding erosion control. 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