Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. This cultural division is a very real one, yet Mexico and Central America (including the Caribbean) are bound to the rest of North America by strong ties of physical geography. North America is bounded on the north by the Arctic Ocean, on the east by the North Atlantic Ocean, on the south by the Caribbean Sea, and on the west by the North Pacific Ocean. The people of north America: 1500 BC - 1500 AD: The original people of north America live in a wide range of environments. To the northeast Greenland is separated from Iceland by the Denmark Strait, and to the northwest Alaska is separated from the Asian mainland by the much narrower Bering Strait. The northern continent of the Western Hemisphere, extending northward from the Colombia-Panama border and including Central America, Mexico, the islands of the Caribbean Sea, the United States, Canada, and Greenland. According to some authorities, North America begins not at the Isthmus of Panama but at the narrows of Tehuantepec, with the intervening region called Central America. The main threat to buffalos are unmistakably irresponsible humans. This is a map of just a few of the larger and still visible man-made ancient sites in North America – for each site shown there are hundreds more. Those portions that widened out north of the Isthmus of Panama became known as North America, and those that broadened to the south became known as South America. Omissions? The name America is derived from that of the Italian merchant and navigator Amerigo Vespucci, one of the earliest European explorers to visit the New World. Atlantic white-cedar (Chamaecyparis thyoides), also called southern white … On the east side of the continent there are woodlands, where they kill elk and deer. The term often refers more narrowly to Mexico, the continental United States, and Canada. For discussion of the indigenous peoples of the continent, see the articles Native American and pre-Columbian civilizations. North America’s first inhabitants are believed to have been ancient Asiatic peoples who migrated from Siberia to North America sometime during the last glacial advance, known as the Wisconsin Glacial Stage, the most recent major division of the Pleistocene Epoch (about 2.6 million to 11,700 years ago). Under such a definition, part of Mexico must be included in Central America, although that country lies mainly in North America proper. See also coverage of North American regions under the titles West Indies and the individual countries of Central America. HRM its IR systems.Focus on the factors influencing the different systems of IR and their impact on the employer-employee relationship. Covering a large part of the North American continent, the USA shares borders with Canada to the north and Mexico to the south. For discussion of individual countries of the continent, see the articles Canada, Mexico, and United States of America. The first links in the pop-up description will include park or location information, if available. Parts of California experience a desert climate, Northern Canada has a polar climate and some of the Californian coast experiences a Mediterranean climate. The continent is richly endowed with natural resources, including great mineral wealth, vast forests, immense quantities of fresh water, and some of the world’s most fertile soils. They have acknowledged the need for a national certification examination for lymphedema therapists, to test … These have allowed North America to become one of the most economically developed regions in the world, and its inhabitants enjoy a high standard of living. BMW of North America assumed import and distribution responsibilities for BMW motorcycles in 1980. Besides this aspect, a focus on the impact of environmental and contextual factors as well as on the role of national culture and institutions in the evolution and nature of IR could also be interesting. 11. It is bordered to the north by the Arctic Ocean, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the southeast by South America and the Caribbean Sea, and to the west and south by the Pacific Ocean. This article treats the physical and human geography of North America. North America, third largest of the world’s continents, lying for the most part between the Arctic Circle and the Tropic of Cancer. There were power struggles between the colonisers from England, Franc… BMW of North America, LLC (BMW NA) was established in 1975 as the United States importer of BMW luxury/performance vehicles. From our products to our processes, we seize every opportunity to make a positive impact on people and the planet. For discussion of major cities of the continent, see specific articles by name—e.g., Mexico City, New York City, and Toronto. Together with South America and Oceania, North America makes up the ‘New World’. Mainland North America is shaped roughly like a triangle, with its base in the north and its apex in the south; associated with the continent is Greenland, the largest island in the world, and such offshore groups as the Arctic Archipelago, the West Indies, Haida Gwaii (formerly the Queen Charlotte Islands), and the Aleutian Islands. History:North America was first populated about 10 000 years ago when people moved across the Bering Sea between Siberia and Alaska. 2. In between these two mountain belts are the generally flat regions of the Great Plains in the west and the Central Lowlands in the east. There is no official language of the United States, according to the U.S. government. the northern continent of the Western Hemisphere, extending from Central America to the Arctic Ocean. After that the continent began to receive great numbers of people from the Old World—primarily Europe and Africa—and it … North America occupies the northern portion of the landmass generally referred to as the New World, the Western Hemisphere, or simply the Americas. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. The alpine tundra biome is also a cold climate region with temperatures averaging below freezing at night. Take a good look at the mushrooms in the photo above, noting that each of the caps is about four inches wide and that they were found growing on the forest floor amidst Eastern hemlock, white oak, American beech, and yellow birch trees. American Bison Bison, symbolic animals of the Great Plains, are often mistakenly called buffaloes. It extends for more than 5,000 miles (8,000 km) to within 500 miles (800 km) of both the North Pole and the Equator and has an east-west extent of 5,000 miles. Then they embark on a journey across North America, stopping to examine key landforms, bodies of water, climate, and vegetation in the different regions. Threats. Grassland, desert, and tundra communities, The European attitudes toward the environment, The role of Mexico, the West Indies, and Central America, The Mexican and the Central American segments, https://www.britannica.com/place/North-America, National Geographic - North America: Physical Geography, North America - Children's Encyclopedia (Ages 8-11), North America - Student Encyclopedia (Ages 11 and up). So far, there are currently over 150 sites listed. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Some geographers characterize the area roughly from the southern border of the United States to the northern border of Colombia as Middle America, which differs from Central America because it includes Mexico. Located in New York, NY, Sony Corporation of America is the U.S. headquarters of Sony Corporation, based in Tokyo, Japan. For more than a century, Panasonic has been discovering ways to address the biggest challenges that impact the world we live in. North America - North America - The people: In global terms, North America long remained a relatively empty and economically undeveloped land until about 1500 ce. By any name, they are formidable beasts and the heaviest land animals in North America. It covers an area of 9,355,000 square miles (24,230,000 square km). Through a variety of … The black-footedferret weighs from 1.5 to 2.5 pounds, according to Defenders of Wildlife (DOW).At the top of the head around its eyes, the fur is dark. North America’s coastline of some 37,000 miles (60,000 km)—the second longest of the continents after Asia—is notable for the great number of indentations, particularly in the northern half. Prior to higher education, American students attend primary and secondary school for a combined total of 12 years. The black-footed ferret belongs to the weasel family. To overcome this anomaly, the whole of Mexico, together with Central and South American countries, also may be grouped under the name Latin America, with the United States and Canada being referred to as Anglo-America. North America (region) synonyms, North America (region) pronunciation, North America (region) translation, English dictionary definition of North America (region). It is bordered by the Pacific Ocean to the west and the Atlantic Ocean to the east. North America. The five Great Lakes lie on the United States Canadian border. First, kids get an overview of the regions including a focus on the countries that occupy both North America and South America. The highest mountain is Mt McKinley in Alaska (6,194 m) and the longest river is the … The United States of America (USA), commonly known as the United States (U.S. or US), or America, is a country primarily located in North America, consisting of 50 states, a federal district, five major self-governing territories, and various possessions. Updates? The principal treatment of North American historical and cultural development is contained in the articles mentioned above and in the article Latin America, history of. A biome is a community of animals and plants spreading over an extensive area with a relatively uniform climate. The descendants of these peoples, the various Native American and Eskimo (Inuit) groups, largely have been supplanted by peoples from the Old World. It extends for more than 5,000 miles (8,000 km) to within 500 miles (800 km) of both the North Pole and the Equator and has an east-west extent of 5,000 miles. America is enormous: the third largest country in the world with a population of more than 300 million people. BMW of North America also began to distribute light trucks in 1999. Articles from Britannica Encyclopedias for elementary and high school students. In summer, the sun remains in the sky during the day and night. First records are found on the island of Greenland from about 980. Denali (Mount McKinley) in Alaska, rising 20,310 feet (6,190 metres) above sea level, is the continent’s highest point, and Death Valley in California, at 282 feet (86 metres) below sea level, is its lowest. A small farm nestled in the rugged highlands of central Honduras. This area receives more precipitation throughout the year than the arctic tundra. Some diverse biomes represented in North America include desert, grassland, tundra, and coral reefs. Its geologic structure is built around a stable platform of Precambrian rock called the Canadian (Laurentian) Shield. Some states have official or preferred languages. Within these regions are all the major types of biomes in the world. Summer temperatures average between 35-55 degrees Fahrenheit. North America has been divided into: 15 broad, level I ecological regions; 50 level II ecological regions intended to provide a more detailed description of the large ecological areas nested within the level I … North America is the third largest of the seven continents. Ninety percent of the U.S. population speaks and understands at least some English, and most official business is conducted in English. Nachvak Fjord in the Torngat Mountains, Labrador, Canada. Much of the North American prairielands have been converted into land for crops, posing threats to species that depend on those habitats, as well … Highest point, Denali, 20,300 feet (6,187 meters); lowest, Death Valley, 276 feet (84 meters) below sea level. It can also be described as a northern subcontinent of the Americas. Access hourly, 10 day and 15 day forecasts along with up to the minute reports and videos from AccuWeather.com The eastern side of the continent is generally lower than the west which contains the Rocky mountains. While almost every language in the world is spoken in the United States, the most frequently spoken non-English languages are Spanish, Chinese, French and German. 1. To the southeast of the shield rose the ancient Appalachian Mountains; and to the west rose the younger and considerably taller Cordilleras, which occupy nearly one-third of the continent’s land area. The country has coasts on the Atlantic, Pacific and Arctic oceans, the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The prairies in North America formed as the Rocky Mountains grew taller and taller. It has a tiny snout with whiskers, and small ears.The fur on its side and the middle partof th… Although at first the term America was applied only to the southern half of the continent, the designation soon was applied to the entire landmass. Get the North America weather forecast. The Lymphology Association of North America (LANA) is a non-profit corporation composed of healthcare professionals, including physicians, nurses, massage therapists, physical therapists, and occupational therapists experienced in the field of Lymphology and lymphedema. It is bordered by the Atlantic Ocean to the east, the Arctic Ocean to the north and the Pacific Ocean to the west. North America, third largest of the world’s continents, lying for the most part between the Arctic Circle and the Tropic of Cancer. North America is dominated by its three largest countries: Canada, Mexico, and the United States. To kick things off, North America is made up of Canada, the United States, Mexico, Greenland, the countries of Central America, the Caribbean Islands and many bordering islands. Sony's principal U.S. businesses include Sony Electronics Inc., Sony Mobile Communications (USA) Inc., Sony Interactive Entertainment LLC., Sony Pictures Entertainment Inc., Sony Music Entertainment and Sony/ATV Music Publishing LLC. Please select which sections you would like to print: Corrections? The North American continent encompasses several different climates, but most of the continent experiences a temperate climate. Its length from head to rear isbetween 38 and 50 centimeters, and it has an 11- to 13-centimeter tail, accordingto National Geographic. Some definitions of Middle America also include the West Indies. People of European ancestry constitute the largest group, followed by those of African and of Asian ancestry; in addition there is a large group of Latin Americans, who are of mixed European and Native American ancestry. Cedar, Atlantic White. Indigenous people lived in various clusters from small family groups to large empires across the whole continent. On the grass plains of the midwest they hunt to extinction several American species, including the camel, mammoth and horse. North America’s only land connection is to South America at the narrow Isthmus of Panama. North America has the highest average income per person of any continent and an average food intake per person that is significantly greater than that of other continents. The United States of America is the world's third largest country in size and nearly the third largest in terms of population. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Sturgis Hooper Professor of Geology, Harvard University. As more and more Europeans flooded North America, US and Canadian governments instituted policies to force Natives onto reservations and to encourage them to become assimilated into the majority culture. At 3.8 million square miles (9.8 million square kilometers), it is the world's third- or fourth-largest country by total area. Down its spine its fur is yellowish-brown,and dotted with specks of darker fur. The U.S. state s of North Dakota, South Dakota, Montana, Nebraska, Kansas, Oklahoma, Texas, Wyoming, Colorado, and New Mexico, and the Canadian provinces of Alberta, Manitoba, and Saskatchewan make up the Great Plains. About 9,360,000 square miles (24,242,400 square kilometers). Although it is home to less than 10 percent of the world’s population, its per capita consumption of energy is almost four times as great as the world average. For further discussion of arts and literature, see the articles American literature, Native American arts, Canadian literature, and Latin American literature. North America contains some of the oldest rocks on Earth. Greenland also is culturally divided from, but physically close to, North America. North America is a continent entirely within the Northern Hemisphere and almost all within the Western Hemisphere. Message from the Chairman & CEO, Panasonic Corporation of North America. The European explorers arrived in larger numbers only after Christopher Columbus discovered America in 1492. อ, Dictionary, Encyclopedia and Thesaurus - The Free Dictionary, أمْرِيكَا الْشّمَالِيَة, the webmaster's page for free fun content, North Alabama Paranormal Research Society, North Alabama Science Fiction Association, North Alabama Society for Human Resource Management, North Alabama Youth Football and Cheerleading League, North America Caribbean Rugby Association, North America Chinese Semiconductor Association, North America Commission on the Environment, North America Conference Planning Committee, North America Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Uummannaq Fjord and Uummannaq Rock, Greenland. North America is the third largest of the seven continents. Edible Wild Mushrooms of North America America's Best, Safest Edible Wild Mushrooms. North America is the World’s third-largest continent – 24,474,000 km² covering approximately 16.5% of the Earth’s land and 5% of the Earth’s surface. Americans/American Culture To help you compare and contrast what you observe of American culture and your own, mark the similarities and differences between your culture and what you have read about in this book. Autumn vegetation in Denali National Park and Preserve, south-central Alaska, U.S., with Denali (Mount McKinley) towering in the centre background.