- Shotgun Surgery Code Smell It is the exact opposite of divergent change. This smell is evident when you must change lots of pieces of code in different places simply to add a new or extended piece of behavior. Some time ago, Phil Factor wrote his booklet 'SQL Code Smells', collecting together a whole range of SQL Coding practices that could be considered to indicate the need for a review of the code. There are various types of code smells. Not all code smells should be “fixed” – sometimes code is perfectly acceptable in its current form. Code smells occur when code is not written using fundamental standards. I'm often asked why ... Watch out for large conditional logic blocks, particularly blocks that tend to grow larger or change significantly over time. Mutability was causing some of the confusion, so now that we’ve simplified the method to minimize mutability, let’s take a closer look at the rest of the code. Two contain a break, one a return. Looking at the code above, you can see 11 different if statements, many of which check more than one condition. They’re a diagnostic tool used when considering refactoring software to improve its design. Detecting Code Smells Code Smells. Code smells, or bad smells in code, refer to symptoms in code that may indicate deeper problems. Phil Factor has continued to collect them and the current state of the art is reflected in this article. The Smell: If Statements. When divergent change code smell is present, multiple changes are made to a single class. Consider alternative object-oriented approaches such as decorator, strategy, or state. But when shotgun surgery code smell is present, when a single change is made to multiple classes when there is excessive coupling between the classes and a single responsibility is shared among multiple classes. This code smell is a little tricky to detect because this happens when a subclass doesn't use all the behaviors of its parent class. Divergent change occurs when one class is commonly changed in different ways for different reasons. Divergent changes occurs when one class is commonly changed in different ways for different reasons. When you have to change the same class for different reasons — and each time a different part — you may have to deal with divergent change. If you look at the class and say “well, I will have to change these 3 methods every time I get a new database, I have to change these 4 methods when month end process changes” you likely have a situation in which 2 classes is better than one. It was published as 119 code smells, even though there were 120 of them at the time. Find them and removing or replacing them is very important for the overall quality of the code. 1. [F 80] Refused Bequest: This smell results from inheriting code you don't want. 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